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The domestic dog (Canis familiaris or Canis lupus familiaris) is a domesticated descendant of the wolf. The dog derived from an ancient, extinct wolf, with the modern grey wolf being the dog's nearest living relative. The dog was the first species to be domesticated, by hunter–gatherers over 15,000 years ago, before the development of agriculture. Their long association with humans has led dogs to be uniquely adapted to human behavior, leading to a large number of domestic individuals and the ability to thrive on a starch-rich diet that would be inadequate for other canids.

The dog has been selectively bred over millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes. Dogs are sub classified into breeds, which vary widely in shape, size, and color. They perform many roles for humans, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and the military, companionship, therapy, and aiding disabled people. This influence on human society has given them the sobriquet of "man's best friend."

In 1758, the Swedish botanist and zoologist Carl Linnaeus published in his Systema Naturae the two-word naming of species (binomial nomenclature). Canis is the Latin word meaning "dog," and under this genus, he listed the domestic dog, the grey wolf, and the golden jackal. He classified the domestic dog as Canis familiaris and, on the next page, classified the grey wolf as Canis lupus. Linnaeus considered the dog to be a separate species from the wolf because of its upturning tail (cauda recurvata), which is not found in any other canid.

In 1999, a study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) indicated that the domestic dog may have originated from the grey wolf, with the dingo and New Guinea singing dog breeds having developed at a time when human communities were more isolated from each other. In the third edition of Mammal Species of the World published in 2005, the mammalogist W. Christopher Wozencraft listed under the wolf Canis lupus its wild subspecies and proposed two additional subspecies which formed the domestic dog clade: familiaris as named by Linneaus in 1758 and dingo named by Meyer in 1793. Wozencraft included hallstromi (the New Guinea singing dog) as another name (junior synonym) for the dingo. Wozencraft referred to the mtDNA study as one of the guides informing his decision. Mammalogists have debated the inclusion of familiaris and dingo together under the "domestic dog" clade.

In 2019, a workshop hosted by the IUCN/Species Survival Commission's Canid Specialist Group considered the dingo and the New Guinea singing dog to be feral Canis familiaris and therefore did not assess them for the IUCN Red List.

The Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event occurred 65 million years ago and brought an end to the dinosaurs and the appearance of the first carnivorans. The name carnivoran is given to a member of the order Carnivora. Carnivorans possess a common arrangement of teeth called carnassials, in which the first lower molar and the last upper premolar possess blade-like enamel crowns that act similar to a pair of shears for cutting meat. This dental arrangement has been modified by adaptation over the past 60 million years for diets composed of meat, for crushing vegetation, or for the loss of the carnassial function altogether as in seals, sea lions, and walruses. Today, not all carnivorans are carnivores, such as the insect-eating Aardwolf.

The carnivoran ancestors of the dog-like caniforms and the cat-like feliforms began their separate evolutionary paths just after the end of the dinosaurs. The first members of the dog family Canidae appeared 40 million years ago, of which only its subfamily the Caninae survives today in the form of the wolf-like and fox-like canines. Within the Caninae, the first members of genus Canis appeared six million years ago, the ancestors of modern domestic dogs, wolves, coyotes, and golden jackals.

The generally accepted earliest dog remains were discovered in Bonn-Oberkassel, Germany. Contextual, isotopic, genetic, and morphological evidence shows that this dog was not a local wolf. The dog was dated to 14,223 years ago and was found buried along with a man and a woman, all three having been sprayed with red hematite powder and buried under large, thick basalt blocks. The dog had died of canine distemper. Earlier remains dating back to 30,000 years ago have been described as Paleolithic dogs but their status as dogs or wolves remains debated because considerable morphological diversity existed among wolves during the Late Pleistocene.

This timing indicates that the dog was the first species to be domesticated in the time of hunter–gatherers, which predates agriculture. DNA sequences show that all ancient and modern dogs share a common ancestry and descended from an ancient, extinct wolf population which was distinct from the modern wolf lineage. Most dogs form a sister group to the remains of a Late Pleistocene wolf found in the Kessleroch cave near Thayngen in the canton of Schaffhausen, Switzerland, which dates to 14,500 years ago. The most recent common ancestor of both is estimated to be from 32,100 years ago. This indicates that an extinct Late Pleistocene wolf may have been the ancestor of the dog, with the modern wolf being the dog's nearest living relative.

The dog is a classic example of a domestic animal that likely travelled a commensal pathway into domestication. The questions of when and where dogs were first domesticated have taxed geneticists and archaeologists for decades. Genetic studies suggest a domestication process commencing over 25,000 years ago, in one or several wolf populations in either Europe, the high Arctic, or eastern Asia. In 2021, a literature review of the current evidence infers that the dog was domesticated in Siberia 23,000 years ago by ancient North Siberians, then later dispersed eastward into the Americas and westward across Eurasia.

Domestic dogs have been selectively bred for millennia for various behaviors, sensory capabilities, and physical attributes. Modern dog breeds show more variation in size, appearance, and behavior than any other domestic animal.

Dogs are highly variable in height and weight. The smallest known adult dog was a Yorkshire Terrier that stood only 6.3 centimetres (2+12 inches) at the shoulder, 9.5 cm (3+34 in) in length along the head-and-body and weighed only 113 grams (4 ounces). The heaviest dog was an English Mastiff named Zorba which weighed 314 pounds (142 kg). The tallest known adult dog is a Great Dane, which stands 106.7 cm (42.0 in) at the shoulder.

A dog's senses include vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch, and sensitivity to Earth's magnetic field. Another study has suggested that dogs can see Earth's magnetic field.

The coats of domestic dogs are of two varieties: "double" being familiar with dogs (as well as wolves) originating from colder climates, made up of a coarse guard hair and a soft down hair, or "single," with the topcoat only. Breeds may have an occasional "blaze," stripe, or "star" of white fur on their chest or underside. Premature graying can occur in dogs from as early as one year of age; this is associated with impulsive behaviors, anxiety behaviors, fear of noise, and fear of unfamiliar people or animals.

There are many different shapes for dog tails: straight, straight up, sickle, curled, or corkscrew. As with many canids, one of the primary functions of a dog's tail is to communicate their emotional state, which can be crucial in getting along with others. In some hunting dogs the tail is traditionally docked to avoid injuries.

Despite their close genetic relationship and interbreed ability, there are several diagnostic features to distinguish gray wolves from domestic dogs. Domestic dogs are distinguishable from wolves by starch gel electrophoresis of red blood cell acid phosphatase. The tympanic bullae are large, convex, and almost spherical in Gray wolves, while the bullae of dogs are smaller, compressed, and slightly crumpled. Compared with equally sized wolves, dogs tend to have 20% smaller skulls and 30% smaller brains.:35 The teeth of gray wolves are also proportionately larger than those of dogs. Dogs tend to have a more domed forehead and a distinctive "stop" between the forehead and nose. The temporalis muscle that closes the jaws is more robust in wolves. Wolves do not have dewclaws on their back legs unless there has been admixture with dogs that had them. Most dogs lack a functioning pre-caudal gland and enter estrus twice yearly, unlike gray wolves, which only do so once a year. So-called primitive dogs such as dingos and Basenjis retain the yearly estrus cycle.

Dogs generally have brown eyes and wolves almost always have amber or yellow eyes.[better source needed] Domestic dogs' skin tends to be thicker than that of wolves, with some Inuit tribes favoring the former for use as clothing due to its greater resistance to wear and tear in harsh weather.[page needed] Their tails tend to curl upwards, which is not found in other canids. The dog has developed into hundreds of varied breeds and shows more behavioral and morphological variation than any other land mammal.

Some breeds of dogs are prone to specific genetic ailments such as elbow and hip dysplasia, blindness, deafness, pulmonic stenosis, cleft palate, and trick knees. Two severe medical conditions significantly affecting dogs are pyometra, affecting unspayed females of all breeds and ages, and Gastric dilatation volvulus (bloat), which affects larger breeds or deep-chested dogs. Both of these are acute conditions and can kill rapidly. Dogs are also susceptible to parasites such as fleas, ticks, mites, hookworms, tapeworms, roundworms, and heartworms, which is a roundworm species that lives in the hearts of dogs.

Several human foods and household ingestibles are toxic to dogs, including chocolate solids, causing theobromine poisoning, onions and garlic, causing thiosulphate, sulfoxide or disulfide poisoning, grapes and raisins, macadamia nuts, and xylitol. The nicotine in tobacco can also be dangerous to dogs. Signs of ingestion can include copious vomiting (e.g., from eating cigar butts) or diarrhea. Some other symptoms are abdominal pain, loss of coordination, collapse, or death.[page needed]

Dogs are also vulnerable to some of the same health conditions as humans, including diabetes, dental and heart disease, epilepsy, cancer, hypothyroidism, and arthritis.[citation needed]

In 2013, a study found that mixed-breed dogs live on average 1.2 years longer than purebred dogs. Increasing body weight was negatively correlated with longevity (i.e., the heavier the dog, the shorter its lifespan). The typical lifespan of dogs varies widely among breeds, but for most, the median longevity, the age at which half the dogs in a population have died and half are still alive, ranges from 10 to 13 years. The median longevity of mixed-breed dogs, taken as an average of all sizes, is one or more years longer than that of purebred dogs when all breeds are averaged. The longest-lived dog was "Bluey," an Australian Cattle Dog who died in 1939 at 29.5 years of age.

In domestic dogs, sexual maturity happens around six months to one year for both males and females, although this can be delayed until up to two years of age for some large breeds, and is the time at which female dogs will have their first estrous cycle. They will experience subsequent estrous cycles semiannually, during which the body prepares for pregnancy. At the peak of the cycle, females will become estrus, mentally and physically receptive to copulation. Because the ova survive and can be fertilized for a week after ovulation, more than one male can sire the same litter.

Fertilization typically occurs two to five days after ovulation; 14–16 days after ovulation, the embryo attaches to the uterus and after seven to eight more days, a heartbeat is detectable.

Dogs bear their litters roughly 58 to 68 days after fertilization, with an average of 63 days, although the length of gestation can vary. An average litter consists of about six puppies.

Neutering refers to the sterilization of animals, usually by removing the male's testicles or the female's ovaries and uterus, to eliminate the ability to procreate and reduce sex drive. Because of dogs' overpopulation in some countries, many animal control agencies, such as the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), advise that dogs not intended for further breeding should be neutered, so that they do not have undesired puppies that may later be euthanized.

According to the Humane Society of the United States, three to four million dogs and cats are euthanized each year. Many more are confined to cages in shelters because there are many more animals than there are homes. Spaying or castrating dogs helps keep overpopulation down.

Neutering reduces problems caused by hypersexuality, especially in male dogs. Spayed female dogs are less likely to develop cancers affecting the mammary glands, ovaries, and other reproductive organs. However, neutering increases the risk of urinary incontinence in female dogs and prostate cancer in males and osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, cruciate ligament rupture, obesity, and diabetes mellitus in either sex.

A common breeding practice for pet dogs is mating between close relatives (e.g., between half and full siblings). Inbreeding depression is considered to be due mainly to the expression of homozygous deleterious recessive mutations. Outcrossing between unrelated individuals, including dogs of different breeds, results in the beneficial masking of deleterious recessive mutations in progeny.

In a study of seven dog breeds (the Bernese Mountain Dog, Basset Hound, Cairn Terrier, Brittany, German Shepherd Dog, Leonberger, and West Highland White Terrier), it was found that inbreeding decreases litter size and survival. Another analysis of data on 42,855 Dachshund litters found that as the inbreeding coefficient increased, litter size decreased and the percentage of stillborn puppies increased, thus indicating inbreeding depression. In a study of Boxer litters, 22% of puppies died before reaching 7 weeks of age. Stillbirth was the most frequent cause of death, followed by infection. Mortality due to infection increased significantly with increases in inbreeding.

Dog intelligence is the dog's ability to perceive information and retain it as knowledge for applying to solve problems. Studies of two dogs suggest that dogs can learn by inference and have advanced memory skills. A study with Rico, a Border Collie, showed that he knew the labels of over 200 different items. He inferred the names of novel things by exclusion learning and correctly retrieved those new items immediately and four weeks after the initial exposure. A study of another Border Collie, "Chaser," documented his learning and memory capabilities. He had learned the names and could associate by verbal command over 1,000 words. Dogs can read and react appropriately to human body language such as gesturing and pointing and human voice commands.

One study of canine cognitive abilities found that dogs' capabilities are no more exceptional than those of other animals, such as horses, chimpanzees, or cats. One limited study of 18 household dogs found that they lacked spacial memory, and were more focussed on the "what" of a task rather than the "where".

Dogs demonstrate a theory of mind by engaging in deception. An experimental study showed compelling evidence that Australian dingos can outperform domestic dogs in non-social problem-solving, indicating that domestic dogs may have lost much of their original problem-solving abilities once they joined up with humans. Another study revealed that after undergoing training to solve a simple manipulation task, dogs faced with an insoluble version of the same problem look at the human, while socialized wolves do not.

Dog behavior is the internally coordinated responses (actions or inactions) of the domestic dog (individuals or groups) to internal and external stimuli. As the oldest domesticated species, dogs' minds inevitably have been shaped by millennia of contact with humans. As a result of this physical and social evolution, dogs have acquired the ability to understand and communicate with humans more than any other species and they are uniquely attuned to human behaviors. Behavioral scientists have uncovered a surprising set of social-cognitive abilities in domestic dogs. These abilities are not possessed by the dog's closest canine relatives or other highly intelligent mammals, such as great apes, but rather parallel to children's social-cognitive skills.

Unlike other domestic species selected for production-related traits, dogs were initially selected for their behaviors. In 2016, a study found that only 11 fixed genes showed variation between wolves and dogs. These gene variations were unlikely to have been the result of natural evolution and indicate selection on both morphology and behavior during dog domestication. These genes have been shown to affect the catecholamine synthesis pathway, with the majority of the genes affecting the fight-or-flight response (i.e., selection for tameness) and emotional processing. Dogs generally show reduced fear and aggression compared with wolves. Some of these genes have been associated with aggression in some dog breeds, indicating their importance in both the initial domestication and later in breed formation. Traits of high sociability and lack of fear in dogs may include genetic modifications related to Williams-Beuren syndrome in humans, which cause hypersociability at the expense of problem-solving ability.

Dog communication is how dogs convey information to other dogs, understand messages from humans and translate the information that dogs are transmitting.:xii Communication behaviors of dogs include eye gaze, facial expression, vocalization, body posture (including movements of bodies and limbs), and gustatory communication (scents, pheromones, and taste). Humans communicate to dogs by using vocalization, hand signals, and body posture.

The dog is probably the most widely abundant large carnivoran living in the human environment. In 2013, an estimated global dog population was between 700 million and 987 million. Although it is said that the "dog is man's best friend," this refers mainly to the ~20% of dogs that live in developed countries. In the developing world, dogs are more commonly feral or communally owned, with pet dogs uncommon. Most of these dogs live their lives as scavengers and have never been owned by humans, with one study showing their most common response when approached by strangers is to run away (52%) or respond aggressively (11%). Little is known about these dogs, or the dogs in developed countries that are feral, strays, or are in shelters because the great majority of modern research on dog cognition has focused on pet dogs living in human homes.

Although dogs are the most abundant and widely distributed terrestrial carnivores, feral and free-ranging dogs' potential to compete with other large carnivores is limited by their strong association with humans. For example, a review of the studies in dogs' competitive effects on sympatric carnivores did not mention any research on competition between dogs and wolves. Although wolves are known to kill dogs, they tend to live in pairs or in small packs in areas where they are highly persecuted, giving them a disadvantage facing large dog groups.

Wolves kill dogs wherever they are found together. One study reported that in Wisconsin, in 1999, more compensation had been paid for losses due to wolves taking dogs than for wolves taking livestock. In Wisconsin, wolves will often kill hunting dogs, possibly because they are in the wolves' territory. A strategy has been reported in Russia where one wolf lures a dog into a heavy brush where another wolf waits in ambush. In some instances, wolves have displayed an uncharacteristic fearlessness of humans and buildings when attacking dogs to the extent that they have to be beaten off or killed. Although the numbers of dogs killed each year are relatively low, it induces a fear of wolves entering villages and farmyards to take dogs and losses of dogs to wolves have led to demands for more liberal wolf hunting regulations.

Coyotes and big cats have also been known to attack dogs. In particular, leopards are known to have a preference for dogs and have been recorded to kill and consume them, no matter what their size. Siberian tigers in the Amur river region have killed dogs in the middle of villages. This indicates that the dogs were targeted. Amur tigers will not tolerate wolves as competitors within their territories, and the tigers could be considering dogs in the same way. Striped hyenas are known to kill dogs in Turkmenistan, India and the Caucasus.

Dogs have been described as omnivores.[page needed] Compared to wolves, dogs from agricultural societies have extra copies of amylase and other genes involved in starch digestion that contribute to an increased ability to thrive on a starch-rich diet. Similar to humans, some dog breeds produce amylase in their saliva and are classified as having a high starch diet. However, more like cats and less like other omnivores, dogs can only produce bile acid with taurine and they cannot produce vitamin D, which they obtain from animal flesh. Also, more like cats, dogs require arginine to maintain its nitrogen balance. These nutritional requirements place dogs halfway between carnivores and omnivores.

As a domesticated or semi-domesticated animal, the dog is nearly universal among human societies. Notable exceptions once included:

Dogs were introduced to Antarctica as sled dogs, but were later outlawed by international agreement due to the possible risk of spreading infections.

Over the past 200 years, dogs have undergone rapid phenotypic change and were formed into today's modern dog breeds due to artificial selection by humans. These breeds can vary in size and weight from a 0.46 kg (1 lb) teacup Poodle to a 90 kg (200 lb) giant Mastiff. Phenotypic variation can include height measured to the withers ranging from 15.2 cm (6 in) in the Chihuahua to 76 cm (30 in) in the Irish Wolfhound. Color varies from white through grays (usually called "blue") to black, and browns from light (tan) to dark ("red" or "chocolate") in a wide variety of patterns; coats can be short or long, coarse-haired to wool-like, straight, curly, rough or smooth. The skull, body, and limb proportions vary significantly between breeds, with dogs displaying more phenotypic diversity than can be found within carnivores' entire order. Some breeds demonstrate outstanding skills in herding, retrieving, scent detection and guarding, demonstrating the functional and behavioral diversity of dogs. The first dogs were domesticated from shared ancestors of modern wolves; however, the phenotypic changes that coincided with the dog-wolf genetic divergence are unknown.

Domestic dogs inherited complex behaviors, such as bite inhibition, from their wolf ancestors, which would have been pack hunters with a complex body language. These sophisticated forms of social cognition and communication may account for their trainability, playfulness and ability to fit into human households and social situations. These attributes have given dogs a relationship with humans that has enabled them to become one of the most successful animals today.

The dogs' value to early human hunter-gatherers led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and the military, companionship and aiding disabled individuals. This influence on human society has given them the nickname "man's best friend" in the Western world. In some cultures, however, dogs are also a source of meat.

The cohabitation of dogs and humans likely improved the chances of survival for early human groups. The domestication of dogs may have been one of the key forces that led to human success.

Human emigrants from Siberia that came across the Bering land bridge into North America likely had dogs in their company. Although one writer even suggests that sled dogs' use may have been critical to the success of the waves that entered North America roughly 12,000 years ago, the earliest archaeological evidence of dog-like canids in North America dates from about 9,400 years ago.:104 Dogs were an important part of life for the Athabascan population in North America and were their only domesticated animal. Dogs as pack animals may have contributed to the Apache and Navajo tribes' migration 1,400 years ago. This use of dogs in these cultures often persisted after the introduction of the horse to North America.

It is estimated that three-quarters of the world's dog population lives in the developing world as feral, village, or community dogs, with pet dogs uncommon.

"The most widespread form of interspecies bonding occurs between humans and dogs" and the keeping of dogs as companions, particularly by elites, has a long history. Pet dog populations grew significantly after World War II as suburbanization increased. In the 1950s and 1960s, dogs were kept outside more often than they tend to be today(the expression "in the doghouse" - recorded since 1932 - to describe exclusion from the group implies a distance between the doghouse and the home) and were still primarily functional, acting as a guard, children's playmate, or walking companion. From the 1980s, there have been changes in the pet dog's role, such as the increased role of dogs in the emotional support of their human guardians. People and their dogs have become increasingly integrated and implicated in each other's livesto the point where pet dogs actively shape how a family and home are experienced.

There have been two significant trends occurring within the second half of the 20th century in pet dogs' changing status. The first has been "commodification," shaping it to conform to social expectations of personality and behavior.The second has been the broadening of the family's concept and the home to include dogs-as-dogs within everyday routines and practices.

A vast range of commodity forms aims to transform a pet dog into an ideal companion. The list of goods, services, and places available is enormous: from dog perfumes, couture, furniture and housing to dog groomers, therapists, trainers and caretakers, dog cafes, spas, parks and beaches and dog hotels, airlines and cemeteries. While dog training as an organized activity has operated since the 18th century, it became a high-profile issue in the last decades of the 20th century. Many normal dog behaviors such as barking, jumping up, digging, rolling in dung, fighting and urine marking (which dogs do to establish territory through scent) became increasingly incompatible with a pet dog's new role. Dog training books, classes, and television programs proliferated as the process of commodifying the pet dog continued.

The majority of contemporary dog owners describe their pet as part of the family, although some ambivalence about the relationship is evident in the popular reconceptualization of the dog-human family as a pack. Some dog trainers, such as on the television program Dog Whisperer, have promoted a dominance model of dog-human relationships. However, it has been disputed that "trying to achieve status" is characteristic of dog-human interactions. Pet dogs play an active role in family life; for example, a study of conversations in dog-human families showed how family members use the dog as a resource, talking to the dog, or talking through the dog; to mediate their interactions with each other.

Increasingly, human family-members engage in activities centered on the dog's perceived needs and interests, or in which the dog is an integral partner, such as dog dancing and dog yoga.

According to statistics published by the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association in the National Pet Owner Survey in 2009–2010, an estimated 77.5 million people in the United States have pet dogs. The same source shows that nearly 40% of American households own at least one dog, of which 67% own just one dog, 25% two dogs and nearly 9% more than two dogs. There does not seem to be any gender preference among dogs as pets, as the statistical data reveal an equal number of male and female pet dogs. Although several programs promote pet adoption, less than one-fifth of the owned dogs come from shelters.

A study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to compare humans and dogs showed that dogs have the same response to voices and use the same parts of the brain as humans do. This gives dogs the ability to recognize human emotional sounds, making them friendly social pets to humans.

Dogs have lived and worked with humans in many roles. In addition to dogs' role as companion animals, dogs have been bred for herding livestock (collies, sheepdogs), hunting (hounds, pointers) and rodent control (terriers). Other types of working dogs include search and rescue dogs, detection dogs trained to detect illicit drugs or chemical weapons; guard dogs; dogs who assist fishermen with the use of nets; and dogs that pull loads. In 1957, the dog Laika became the first animal to be launched into Earth orbit, aboard the Soviets' Sputnik 2; she died during the flight.

Various kinds of service dogs and assistance dogs, including guide dogs, hearing dogs, mobility assistance dogs and psychiatric service dogs, assist individuals with disabilities. Some dogs owned by people with epilepsy have been shown to alert their handler when the handler shows signs of an impending seizure, sometimes well in advance of onset, allowing the guardian to seek safety, medication, or medical care.

People often enter their dogs in competitions, such as breed-conformation shows or sports, including racing, sledding and agility competitions. In conformation shows, also referred to as breed shows, a judge familiar with the specific dog breed evaluates individual purebred dogs for conformity with their established breed type as described in the breed standard. As the breed standard only deals with the dog's externally observable qualities (such as appearance, movement and temperament), separately tested qualities (such as ability or health) are not part of the judging in conformation shows.

Dog meat is consumed in some East Asian countries, including Korea, China Vietnam and the Philippines, which dates back to antiquity. It is estimated that 13–16 million dogs are killed and consumed in Asia every year. In China, debates have ensued over banning the consumption of dog meat. Following the Sui and Tang dynasties of the first millennium, however, people living on northern China's plains began to eschew eating dogs, which is likely due to Buddhism and Islam's spread, two religions that forbade the consumption of certain animals, including the dog. As members of the upper classes shunned dog meat, it gradually became a social taboo to eat it, even though the general population continued to consume it for centuries afterward. Dog meat is also consumed in some parts of Switzerland. Other cultures, such as Polynesia and pre-Columbian Mexico, also consumed dog meat in their history. Dog fat is also reportedly believed to be beneficial for the lungs in some parts of Poland and Central Asia. Proponents of eating dog meat have argued that placing a distinction between livestock and dogs is Western hypocrisy and that there is no difference in eating different animals' meat.

In Korea, the primary dog breed raised for meat, the Nureongi, differs from those breeds raised for pets that Koreans may keep in their homes.

The most popular Korean dog dish is called bosintang, a spicy stew meant to balance the body's heat during the summer months. Followers of the custom claim this is done to ensure good health by balancing one's gi, or the body's vital energy. A 19th-century version of bosintang explains that the dish is prepared by boiling dog meat with scallions and chili powder. Variations of the dish contain chicken and bamboo shoots. While the dishes are still prevalent in Korea with a segment of the population, dog is not as widely consumed as beef, pork and chicken.

In 2005, the WHO reported that 55,000 people died in Asia and Africa from rabies, a disease for which dogs are the most important vector.

Citing a 2008 study, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control estimated in 2015 that 4.5 million people in the U.S. are bitten by dogs each year. A 2015 study estimated that 1.8% of the U.S. population is bitten each year. In the 1980s and 1990s, the U.S. averaged 17 fatalities per year, while since 2007, this has increased to an average of 31. 77% of dog bites are from the pets of family or friends and 50% of attacks occur on the dog's legal owner's property.

A Colorado study found bites in children were less severe than bites in adults. The incidence of dog bites in the U.S. is 12.9 per 10,000 inhabitants, but for boys aged 5 to 9, the incidence rate is 60.7 per 10,000. Moreover, children have a much higher chance of being bitten in the face or neck. Sharp claws with powerful muscles behind them can lacerate flesh in a scratch that can lead to serious infections.

In the U.K., between 2003 and 2004, there were 5,868 dog attacks on humans, resulting in 5,770 working days lost in sick leave.

In the U.S., cats and dogs are a factor in more than 86,000 falls each year. It has been estimated that around 2% of dog-related injuries treated in U.K. hospitals are domestic accidents. The same study found that while dog involvement in road traffic accidents was difficult to quantify, dog-associated road accidents involving injury more commonly involved two-wheeled vehicles.

Toxocara canis (dog roundworm) eggs in dog feces can cause toxocariasis. In the United States, about 10,000 cases of Toxocara infection are reported in humans each year, and almost 14% of the U.S. population is infected. Untreated toxocariasis can cause retinal damage and decreased vision. Dog feces can also contain hookworms that cause cutaneous larva migrans in humans.

Dogs suffer from the same common disorders as humans; these include cancer, diabetes, heart disease and neurologic disorders. Their pathology is similar to humans, as is their response to treatment and their outcomes. Researchers are identifying the genes associated with dog diseases similar to human disorders, but lack mouse models to find cures for both dogs and humans. The genes involved in canine obsessive-compulsive disorders led to the detection of four genes in humans' related pathways.

The scientific evidence is mixed as to whether a dog's companionship can enhance human physical health and psychological well-being. Studies suggesting that there are benefits to physical health and psychological well-being have been criticized for being poorly controlled. It found that "the health of elderly people is related to their health habits and social supports but not to their ownership of, or attachment to, a companion animal." Earlier studies have shown that people who keep pet dogs or cats exhibit better mental and physical health than those who do not, making fewer visits to the doctor and being less likely to be on medication than non-guardians.

A 2005 paper states "recent research has failed to support earlier findings that pet ownership is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, a reduced use of general practitioner services, or any psychological or physical benefits on health for community dwelling older people. Research has, however, pointed to significantly less absenteeism from school through sickness among children who live with pets." In one study, new guardians reported a highly significant reduction in minor health problems during the first month following pet acquisition. This effect was sustained in those with dogs through to the end of the study.

People with pet dogs took considerably more physical exercise than those with cats and those without pets. The results provide evidence that keeping pets may have positive effects on human health and behavior and that for guardians of dogs, these effects are relatively long-term. Pet guardianship has also been associated with increased coronary artery disease survival. Human guardians are significantly less likely to die within one year of an acute myocardial infarction than those who did not own dogs.

The health benefits of dogs can result from contact with dogs in general, not solely from having dogs as pets. For example, when in a pet dog's presence, people show reductions in cardiovascular, behavioral and psychological indicators of anxiety. Other health benefits are gained from exposure to immune-stimulating microorganisms, which can protect against allergies and autoimmune diseases according to the hygiene hypothesis. The benefits of contact with a dog also include social support, as dogs cannot only provide companionship and social support themselves but also act as facilitators of social interactions between humans. One study indicated that wheelchair users experience more positive social interactions with strangers when accompanied by a dog than when they are not. In 2015, a study found that pet owners were significantly more likely to get to know people in their neighborhood than non-pet owners.

Using dogs and other animals as a part of therapy dates back to the late 18th century, when animals were introduced into mental institutions to help socialize patients with mental disorders. Animal-assisted intervention research has shown that animal-assisted therapy with a dog can increase social behaviors, such as smiling and laughing, among people with Alzheimer's disease. One study demonstrated that children with ADHD and conduct disorders who participated in an education program with dogs and other animals showed increased attendance, increased knowledge and skill objectives and decreased antisocial and violent behavior compared with those not in an animal-assisted program.

In ancient Mesopotamia, from the Old Babylonian period until the Neo-Babylonian, dogs were the symbol of Ninisina, the goddess of healing and medicine, and her worshippers frequently dedicated small models of seated dogs to her. In the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods, dogs were used as emblems of magical protection.

In mythology, dogs often serve as pets or as watchdogs. Stories of dogs guarding the gates of the underworld recur throughout Indo-European mythologies and may originate from Proto-Indo-European religion. In Greek mythology, Cerberus is a three-headed, dragon-tailed watchdog who guards the gates of Hades. In Norse mythology, a bloody, four-eyed dog called Garmr guards Helheim. In Persian mythology, two four-eyed dogs guard the Chinvat Bridge. In Welsh mythology, Annwn is guarded by Cŵn Annwn. In Hindu mythology, Yama, the god of death, owns two watchdogs who have four eyes. They are said to watch over the gates of Naraka. In China, Korea and Japan, dogs are viewed as kind protectors.

The hunter god Muthappan from the North Malabar region of Kerala has a hunting dog as his mount. Dogs are found in and out of the Muthappan Temple and offerings at the shrine take the form of bronze dog figurines. In Philippine mythology, Kimat, the pet of Tadaklan, the god of thunder, is responsible for lightning.

The dog's role in Chinese mythology includes a position as one of the twelve animals that cyclically represent years (the zodiacal dog). Three of the 88 constellations in Western astronomy also represent dogs:

In Christianity, dogs represent faithfulness. Within the Roman Catholic denomination specifically, the iconography of Saint Dominic includes a dog, after the hallow's mother dreamt of a dog springing from her womb and becoming pregnant shortly after that. As such, the Dominican Order (Ecclesiastical Latin: Domini canis) means "dog of the Lord" or "hound of the Lord" (Ecclesiastical Latin: Domini canis). In Christian folklore, a church grim often takes the form of a black dog to guard Christian churches and their churchyards from sacrilege.

Jewish law does not prohibit keeping dogs and other pets. Jewish law requires Jews to feed dogs (and other animals that they own) before themselves and make arrangements for feeding them before obtaining them.

The view on dogs in Islam is mixed, with some schools of thought viewing it as unclean, although Khaled Abou El Fadl states that this view is based on "pre-Islamic Arab mythology" and "a tradition to be falsely attributed to the Prophet." Therefore, Sunni Malaki and Hanafi jurists permit the trade of and keeping of dogs as pets.

In Homer's epic poem the Odyssey, when the disguised Odysseus returns home after 20 years, he is recognized only by his faithful dog, Argos, who has been waiting all this time for his return.

Cultural depictions of dogs in art became more elaborate as individual breeds evolved and the relationships between human and canine developed. Hunting scenes were popular in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Dogs were depicted to symbolize guidance, protection, loyalty, fidelity, faithfulness, watchfulness and love.

@mqru__pi 勉強机なもんで
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I have been told a wolf is with me as a spiritual guide for a few years. Not a few days later I found a picture of…
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Aimee has been out dog walking with her little sister 😍 #family #dental #lockdown
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今日からまたボクだけお留守番〜🐶 ママはお仕事に行くのヤダ!って言うんだけど、 ずっとおうちにいるボクだって退屈だしヤダよ〜🌀 遊び相手がおうちに居ればなぁ…… 📷: @hej_alfie (Instagram)
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🔎Discover how your small business can stay competitive with big corporations. 💪It's not about the size of the dog…
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@APerson11854675 Said goodbye to me old dog this arvo. I know it was the right thing to do, but it still felt prett…
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@nydstv Dogs are far more loving and loyal than humans. Get a man first, if you want, then get a dog and share him/her together.
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@mqru__pi 😇
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FREE DELIVERY FOR ORDERS ABOVE $30 ! Check out this product 😀Foldable iron dog cage for large dog😀 by The Bark ‘n’…
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📷 the-evil-clergyman: Illustration from Iwaya Sazanami’s Koganemaru the Dog by Shotaro Honda (1938)
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I bought these for myself last night, although I didn't eat any. I came down this morning to find that they've been…
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@pseudo_dog 飛び級で入ったらカッコイイゾ〜!
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@Neil_Druckmann @Naughty_Dog
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18時だよ( ´ ▽ ` )ノ
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Sick as a dog he was cancelled
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@CateFox Worse when it's your own dog at 430am....🙈 so I go down n see what the fuss is n nothing.....
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Read about us here 👇🏻 ⚡ Your FAVORITE is BACK in store! The Leather dog harness for medium…
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We’re already halfway through #PrideMonth! If your pup is wearing rainbow or simply loves more than anything else,…
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@NocturneRogue @MarkYetter @Spideraxe30 U are retarded, u play just tanks and u are braindead dog so u want from th…
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I’m just a dog don’t blame me!!
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a woman was pulled over and lots of cops but....... she had a dog......and he was being hauled away by animal contr…
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Colin 2020 Day 167: Model Status Monday: Dog walking model 😍😍 #ColinODonoghue #366Colin2020
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@dottie_eubanks @DoodleNessa @yogithedog1 @Shellby1101 @rexthetvterrier @FergusGreatDane @SpikeWonderDog @V1964Paul…
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@matthewstoller Take a break & go checkout @dog_feelings you’ll feel better.
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I just saw my dog try to EAT her whole paw and I’m really rethinking my choice in pet
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@ProFootballTalk I never realized how much of a tool you were until now. A news network shirt is a dog whistle. Fuck you!
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@kilsua #CHER: so today we'll be baking my dog......a birthday cake 😂😂😂 got you
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@xenanathan Bang Bang Ranch...would be interesting call for our dog, especially in a crowded public place.
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It’s was such a nice day that we decided to return to the Thirsty Goat again for some fantastic drinks & food! This…
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soo my dog might have ringworm and he has to wear the cone of shame and he looks so sad :( my poor baby
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Laid in bed with the doors closed and I can hear my dog snoring downstairs.. Defo takes after his mam👀😂
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@jjenoverse WHAT IS THE DOG DOINNN :O
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@Baceotan how to train your dragon nangis😭 hachiko a dog story juga []
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My dog is so precious
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when my dog sleeps in my room > when my dog sleeps on the landing
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@v8ch__ dog shit
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@GrapeJuiceJosef @Tobjizzle It’s really not that deep, it’s bingo where they look for dog shit not the champions league final remember
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The Coast Guard suspended its search Monday for a motorist who was ejected from a vehicle along with his dog. Th…
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// chonkmaster 3000 if i do say so myself. not my dog btw 👁👄👁
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@deOrygun @EIizabethLouise only a democrat, hateful weirdo would care if someone has a limp. His policies we’re do…
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@AshleyAdamsRuns @PhillyRepub90 @NYScanner "Because of a chant" my ass. I know exactly who you are, a racist sack o…
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@CarolSoSketches @byloveelissa Some blue art on my Etsy and some custom dog tags I have made 🌟🐕…
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Max verstappen is an absolute dog
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@hughesclan2 @IngrahamAngle B I N G O And I’m not talking about the dog!
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No Consequences for Police Who Destroy Home, Mistakenly Shoot 10-Year-Old Boy, or Sic Police Dog on Suspect Already…
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@Guileon96 @Love_is_God_7 @Yalstromo @MccreeStealth @123Hurts @PlayStationUK @Naughty_Dog @AEGRO @JayDubcity16…
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@LisaNicholo @annableigh @tomag49 @CrewsKc22 @EducatorTejano @robert_sicario @Athenadellacro3 @zaharias19…
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dogão com baré bom dms namoro só da certo se for com pit dog
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Tripped over my dog had to jump off the porch to catch my son, slammed my head on the concrete in order to catch hi…
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anyone want a dog? showed up a couple days ago but we can’t claim him. young boy, super sweet. pearsall park area,…
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@HIMARGCT listen i’m a pro i don’t fall please :/ uh i’ll trade you a skateboard for the dog..
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@blackmesa_ita @OrangeFurret @shenanigansen Yeah, they have cute little dog faces, why is that a human face
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@Prashan78090044 @iVeenaKhan Parashant yah dakh tari Maa or tara bap kutta indian son of Dog
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It’s was such a nice day that we decided to return to the Thirsty Goat again for some fantastic drinks & food! This…
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a dog?
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@SurvivingGrady @GlobeChadFinn Red, I named this dog Pedro Martinez. This is excellent content.
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@shoeionare Damn bro. I’m sorry to hear about your dog. My condolences.
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Luis the latino housemaid caught Nickleback trying to steal a dog
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@trav_downs @paopape I think it's more closely related to a dog
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@ThinkBlue47 @atorres616 @LARams52O Slop dog LA dog
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@Xyros9 Dog in lap therefore lapdog. The math checks out. Now for proper examination he needs to be in the table. R…
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if you weren't supposed to smoke dog turds... trump would tell you
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Pedindo pizza dog tals
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I really fucking hope my dog isn’t pregnant 🤦🏻‍♀️🥺
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@GermanStrands @Neil_Druckmann @Naughty_Dog @BadData_ @ScottLowe @arnemeyer @kurtmargenau @Grosstastic damn i thoug…
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@QuancyClayborne Dog.
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@itsSirGustafson @ChihuahuaBaxter @jztkddng @Prismlove2 @daisymae31806 @elvisbulldoguk1 @WonderWilbur…
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*rabid dog barking* AHHHHHHHSBJAH
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@stlcty03 @Naughty_Dog
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Say Hello 2 Heaven de Temple Of The Dog
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Your dog is as smart as a two-year old
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덕캐들 너무 귀여워서 어캄.. 인생이란게 이렇게 행복할 수 잇나요
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40 years.Mexico.
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@3count2001 みっちゃん、おはよー🐶☀ 今、病院自体が忙しそうだし怖いもんね〜😅レントゲン車も来るし、インフルエンザの予防接種も来てくれるから楽チンなんだ💉大きな部屋で流れ作業のように終わるw 憧れ眼鏡はそれじゃないのよ…
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@TomthunkitsMind @KLGLASS2 They should tase the fucking dog...then put him down.
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@MariaCuomoCole NY is very grateful for Andrew Cuomo. I am a year younger. And an hour on the treadmill tires me ou…
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@rosysuit not a dog 😔💔
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@ScammerRevolts Are you kidding me...? Is THAT really your dog???? 😂👌 #SRArmy
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It’s was such a nice day that we decided to return to the Thirsty Goat again for some fantastic drinks & food! This…
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@TuckerCarlson just broke his dog whistle, so now he is just screaming his racism. "Black Lives Matters is getting…
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@studioincendo Green dog is very danger animal in HongKong . They are inhumanity.
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O meu dog subiu no teclado E mandou um "?" No /all No meio da partida (Depois q a MF matou o inimigo ainda) QUAL A…
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Is this the face of a dog that wants to go for a walk? I think not. #authorsofinstagram #dogsofinstagram
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@itzzKYRO Bro i havent even played yet an it looks dog ong😂 did you watch the event ?
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@acevonjohnson I have to keep the dog quiet when my daughter and husband record!
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@NTN24 @lortegadiaz Gua dog, quiere que lo lleven a caballito a la presidencia
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Dog Say ill ring that right out
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And I wake up today to my other dog passing away. What a way start the week.
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@CafeteriaJangle @brownblaze @jonbernhardt Probably getting dog whistles from Crazy Joe Biden, he was pals with tha…
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@dofiasbabybear Dog Fish 🐶🐠
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Yesterday everyone praising what amounts to a angry violent stereotype that’s adorably stupid cuz they impressed by…
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@Yutto_Man いつも何時にやってんの?
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@bomani_jones As it pertains to the question, have some road left to travel before I can answer that question with…
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@thejasonkirk Give Log Dog Gracie a chance.
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I hear the prairie dog when they collect
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@Lovely2BMe81 @CholeGreer @manisego Or his dog a** better keep it cute after all he put her through. Your misogynis…
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@TSM_Myth Dog
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@niicollyreis @dog_vegano @feehMaria2 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK REAL
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i fucking hate seto. he's just a dog fucking tree hugger
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“so sad cole died, he was cute😔” my dog ass:
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you are tough. you are scary. you are a good boy. but also a scary one. if the situation calls for it
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The Republican Party has abandoned the dog whistle. They now shout loud and proud: WE ARE THE PARTY OF WHITE SUPRE…
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Okay I caved and bought the dog stocks lmaoooooo
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Dear friends, this Male Rajapalayam Dog was found lost at Saratha nagar, Virugambakkam since yesterday night (29-J…
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why if my fyp full of sad quotes i want dog tiktok and asmr
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@people4kam @PersianChickk Marjorie is so tiny, yet she’s walking around Congress like a junkyard dog. Remember, s…
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RT @brian_bahe: So many of you play fast & loose w photos of ur dog, it’s refreshing to see someone respect their dog’s right to privacy ht…
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RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Bertie find a home #EDINBURGH #SCOTLAND 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Aged 7, looking for an experienced adult home, he l…
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@siriusanimalre1 Does anyone else try and see if they can recognise their sponsor dog when they see these lovely vi…
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@Dog_m00n 아 본가라서 못보시는 군요..:ㅠㅠㅠㅠㅠ
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RT @marcthevet: "Why have a rescue dog? Why WOULDN'T I have a rescue dog??" Lovely item promoting rescue pets on @BBCBreakfast earlier, wit…
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RT @immanwrld: when I’m at someone’s house and they have a dog
52944
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@TXTfanbaseina @TXT_members @TXT_bighit Dog MAGIC HOUR WITH MOA #TOMORROW_X_TOGETHER MOA IS A TRENDSETTER…
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RT @JOHNNYPROVO28: Freddy the Great Dane, the tallest dog in the world, has died
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But can I trust you to keep my secrets on the DL, New Dog? #dogsoftwitter #Staffy
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RT @soshikihakase: 伝染病を蔓延させて人類を”終末に追い込む”のが目的だったパンデミックゲーム「Plague Inc: Evolved」が世界保健機関(WHO)を含む世界中の医療専門家の協力を得て”世界を救う”側のDLCを発売し、現実のCOVID-19が制圧さ…
18374
RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Sue find a home #Canterbury🇬🇧 Sweet, active terrier aged 3, can live with children aged 11+, possi…
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RT @theappeal: San Francisco DA Chesa Boudin tells #AppealLive about recent efforts to roll back criminal justice reforms: “It's really dis…
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RT @ARMurugadoss: Dear friends, this Male Rajapalayam Dog was found lost at Saratha nagar, Virugambakkam since yesterday night (29-January…
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RT @immanwrld: when I’m at someone’s house and they have a dog
52944
We will never defeat the communists if you keep letting them dictate your focus. They’re gonna spend the next four…
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This is Bear. His house is between a baseball field and some tennis courts. He brings a few abandoned balls home ev…
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Blessing your timeline with some photos of Jack Grealish signing his Aston Villa contract with his dog 🐶
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Voting for Biden because you don’t like Trump is like eating dog poop because you don’t like broccoli.
1963
RT @AuroraPlanPlan: @bplannnnn @m34nismind Eng Trans: Mean:dog took it (the pic) 🐶 Plan:You started first😒. #PlanRathavit #คนของแปลน
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RT @pipnic2: This little dog was found in St Donats Has a wound on its back where chip has been removed. Think it was abandoned after being…
1053
RT @sukosuko_sukoya: 【第五人格】だいたいジョゼフ使いの55ランクマ【健屋花那/にじさんじ】 @YouTubeより 今日は22時から55ランクマ! じぇいさん、たくとさん、ぬいじょさん、れれいさんが一緒に遊…
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RT @TokyoSage: why does this dog look like it just got punched by an anime villain 😭
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日頃の疲れを癒す為🥴 我が家の愛犬をthe dog風に写メ撮ってみたが🤔 何か癒しが足りない😭 見慣れてるせいなのか🥺 そして撮影に疲れ充電中🔋⚡️の納豆大好きな我が家の愛犬チワワ🐶 #チワワ #でるでるやなせ
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@somaruuuu よろしくお願いします
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@plastical_dog 人型作ってたはずが、いつの間にか船になってました
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RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Patch find a home #ESSEX🇬🇧 Affectionate #Sharpei aged 5-7 looking for breed experience, can live wi…
241
yo my dog died today & i was crying so hard & i was throwing up & shit yeonjun& soobin live kinda calmed me up a bit earlier
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yeah. did he not hear him the first time? should he repeat it so he can hear? DOG.
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Dog walkers are so friendly man
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RT @ExBatsforEver: This little dog was found in St Donats Has a wound on its back where chip has been removed. Think it was abandoned after…
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RT @nasrolmohamadM: Wokest dog of them all
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Saw this dog nung umaga na pagala gala. Akala ko yung dog namin na si lucifer kaya sinundan ko. Pagka kita ko, hind…
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RT @KUWDestiny_: So today I met a young entrepreneur he’s 14 years old and his name is Mac, he’s running a hot dog outside of the 24 hour g…
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@KeepitRealTea @el_haneef72 Abusive behavior not in question punishment remember vick went to prison for fighting d…
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@himbopuppo oh- thats where all of grapes keep going!! bad dog dont u know those are bad for u?? >:(((((
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strong evidence here that before the dog shampoo he was using dish detergent in his hair
3381
RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Nanook find a home #Devon🇬🇧 11 years old, can live with older children and possibly another dog, p…
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RT @MaraWilson: Gayle used dog shampoo first
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RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Nanook find a home #Devon🇬🇧 11 years old, can live with older children and possibly another dog, p…
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@IanDuddyUK @GoldretrieverUS @PipTheDog5 @Crufts @fundappasuy @laetitialae @WKCDOGS @morton_wendy @dog_rates…
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RT @RemainingKind: The dog has been chasing the cat
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@Britt_Jill_ For some reason I get the feeling that dog is down for just about any adventure.
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RT @AntiFashGordon: Jonathan Kay, an editor at race-science journal Quillette, has been using dog shampoo-- with a big picture of a dog on…
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15. THE DOG WHO WOULDN’T BE QUIET A series of absurdist vignettes in the life of a man. In the very second shot you…
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RT @ABC: COLD WATER RESCUE: Minneapolis firefighters save woman and her dog from icy Mississippi River. Officials say the woman went out on…
39
Nobody: My 15 lb dog coming through a door cracked ajar.
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@Rannerz I love you too ran dog ❤️ if you keep focusing on the content side of things over stinky competitive fifa…
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RT @sampson_dog: #Sunday morning quiet time. Mom woke melancholy today. #PTSD is visiting. Tomorrow is February 1st & also her birthday. Bu…
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@VP We need help NOW! Biden promised to help us & send $2000 checks if GA went blue! I’m living out of my car with…
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RT @KUWDestiny_: So today I met a young entrepreneur he’s 14 years old and his name is Mac, he’s running a hot dog outside of the 24 hour g…
19279
RT @KUWDestiny_: So today I met a young entrepreneur he’s 14 years old and his name is Mac, he’s running a hot dog outside of the 24 hour g…
19279
My mom legit kidnapped my dog 🥴
0
RT @KUWDestiny_: So today I met a young entrepreneur he’s 14 years old and his name is Mac, he’s running a hot dog outside of the 24 hour g…
19279
I need to take this dog out but idk where the leash is.....
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RT @BeschlossDC: JFK and dog Charlie, Middleburg, Virginia, 1962: #Fried
339
Senate convict Trump, he directed WS and White Nationalists, he dog whistle them, he approved them and he told the…
0
Meu dog mordeu minha gata 🥺💔 tô muito triste com ele
0
RT @GregLitchfield: Monday Morning cartoons I watched MeTV’s “Toon In With Me!” Bugs & Daffy in Show Biz Bugs (1957) Popeye in Symphony in…
4
RT @Edelman11: It’s not the size of the dog in the fight; it’s the size of the fight in the dog. #15
789
RT @immanwrld: when I’m at someone’s house and they have a dog
54924
RT @EugeneLeeYang: my dog loves being stuck at home with me
34
@kpitessential @thegallowboob @mom_tho The dog!? What do..... ohhhhh the dog! 😂😂
0
@cjosephgk @PAttacking @Corballyred You lot were saying the same thing in the summer of 2019 as well. Forgive the r…
0
Hugo the dog is adorable, thinks his food is melted, but loves living under a bridge
0
RT @oppsforelites: Dear Elites this needs to be said! (A THREAD) A popular saying goes “You will never reach your destination if you stop…
144
nothing better than sitting in your living room watching handler while your dog naps next to you🥺
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@lisa_greuse En même temps les frérots ça fait 1 an ils lâchent même pas un tweet sur factions 2, tu m'étonnes que…
0
RT @dodo: Here's what to do if you see a dog left outside in the cold — you can save a life!
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@hungrybehemoth0 0////0 let's go!!!
0
@MeghanMcCain Hit dog status: hollering
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RT @mayapolarbear: Proof that my dog has the purest heart
7184
This is Kiba. He just turned 2, and in his first couple years he’s had a few health scares. Thankfully, his healthc…
2006
This is Gen, the happiest corgi in the world. He’s been blessing us with his facial expressions for years, and it’s…
23587
This is Pearl. She can hear a caterpillar hiccup from over a mile away. Happens more than you’d think. 13/10
5127
If dog water was a person
1
@Reece2_dcfc @SarcasticForest This aged well
0
Now Playing: Ferocious Dog - Fake News / check:
0
@DanWebsterGolf Great vid mate. Now go dog out my favourite driver as a junior, Titleist DCI Starship, can hear it now...TING!
0
RT @ismisehegz: -€150 litter fine -€150 vehicle clamped fine -€150 dog fouling fine -€150 fine for having a house party -€150 fine for brea…
702
RT @henryshield: Dog Owners, please advertise your dogs under this tweet. Myself and a few friends want to patronize you. BB and Rots prefe…
169
RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Sandy find a home #Bridgend #Wales 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Very stressed in kennels, looking for an adult home wit…
121
@BROOOOOKKLYN but what did your dog do😕
0
RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Tornado find a home #LEEDS 🇬🇧 Lovely ex racing #Greyhound aged 2-5 has an old injury so doesn't ne…
134
@little_chechnya @dog_rates LMAO
0
Barcalona are actually fucking dog shit ain’t they
0
RT @buitengebieden_: This is Cola. He had his front legs hacked off with a sword because he chewed a shoe. Following months of recovery, h…
106
@MarvRoyper 🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜🐜
0
This is my dog :)
0
RT @dodo: When this grumpy cat finally lets his dog brother use him as a pillow 😍
20
RT @rosieDoc2: #SpanielHour #findCressy Tonight is my #Twitterstorm I heard ppl are going to help me home I was in my yard with gate lock…
52
@SAProJeremy @RBPundit bro, She literally was not in the building AT ALL when the dome was breached.
0
RT @__banke__: I saw a video of Erica rubbing her puppy’s belly and calling him/her unemployed and for a second I worried that her fans may…
332
This is Lucy Lu. She was denied the opportunity to present her case against bath time. A true injustice. 12/10 woul…
5512
GOD of Cricket! = DOG of Ambani!
3057
We really got "I used dog shampoo" and "I used gorilla glue on my hair" in the same week. Please speed up vaccinati…
864
This is Paul. He’s a retired racing greyhound from Florida. Just moved to Philly with his new family and is still a…
6439
RT @RealTalkKim: A dog will look down when they have done wrong, but a snake will look you right in the eyes. Let that sink in!
128
RT @KellyKPMArtist: Having a fucking horrible day and all I wish is that i had a dog to come home to but I still cannot afford it. Please s…
14
I can’t wait to have my own dog 😢
0
Good afternoon, send dog pics? 🐕
0
Got a dog.
0
RT @CReppWx: Crested Butte, Colorado today. You ugly dog #9wx
8
@EtheHerring For me: Thumbnail - man Full pic - dog Weird!
0
@SpeakerPelosi All of DC is a plot to End America And start a new state of Socialism Dog won’t hunt Piglosi,Schume…
0
@measy718 Don't be making fun of my dog like that, he's old
0
RT @yadavakhilesh5y: Son of Ambani Dog of Ambani #FarmersProstest
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RT @buitengebieden_: For three long and worrisome weeks, this sweet dog named Liddie was missing from home. This is the moment she got reun…
55
Mount is going to be a good player for us but right now, he's dog shit.
0
RT @CorrectWay013: People calling Sachin Dog of Ambani after one tweet to Unite India are still licking the boots of this Bi'atch of Amban…
311
Sign the petition: Social Media Influencer Accused Of Abusing Dog, Including Hanging From Coat Hanger
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@JoeDamicoWins I just rescued my first dog. Shes a 1 yr old husky that was found tied to a pole starving to death l…
0
RT @BenBinith: #ShameOnYouSachin You are not god of cricket Your are dog of Ambani
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I think Republican and Trump stans are big mad that their hashtag #AOClied and #AOCSmollett are being used to show…
0
I really want a dog.. a small one that is low maintenance, lazy af like me, doesn’t shed, and doesn’t have a strong…
0
RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
87508
RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
87508
RT @JulieTaylorfai1: Pyeongchang Mayor Han Wang-Gi: Pyeongchang, S. Korea, Shut down the illegal dog meat farms, slaughterhouses and market…
7
RT @CmplxAmbition: Kodak Black fresh out of prison just bought a new puppy dog
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@IconicXiann My dog's is on the 25th you were close :')
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RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
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RT @FishPrison: God oo Dog I forgot the wulvers existed until I found a model for them theyre cool:
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This guys couldn’t even find his own ass if his dog was leading him. What a joke. We got fucked.
0
@LucifersTweetz Oh that campfire smell too. lol
0
RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
87508
RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
87508
RT @itsbriancuh: fuck a break up, have y’all ever had to chase your dog down the street and they’re thinking it’s a game
87508
RT @stil_lindigo: THE COMFY CARTEL: The Animation feat. @Corpse_Husband @Sykkuno @Valkyrae @LilyPichu @DisguisedToast @pokimanelol @scarra…
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RT @MuseZack: @kiraphantasia @reese2103 @_pyroeis_ Dave was originally gonna have an Australian sheepherding dog named Specks, but it would…
2
RT @TheOnion: Biologists Discover Modern-Day Corn Dog Descended From Ancient Aquatic Sausage
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My dog waves 😂
0
This is what the Capitol riot did to police officer Jeffrey Smith: He “seemed in constant pain, unable to turn hi…
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For new followers, here’s a little bit about me: -Son of parents who’ve been married for 38 years -Eagle Scout -Fo…
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Democrat lawyers will not address yesterday’s debunking of The Fine People Hoax, because they can’t. And the fake n…
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RT @Glos_Police: We've released details of 15 dogs our officers rescued from a location in #Quedgeley yesterday. We're asking owners to ema…
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RT @Herz_Streuner: Mina wünscht einen schönen Sonntag 🍀 Mina ist ein liebes 10 Monate junges Mädchen, die zu Beginn ein wenig schüchtern i…
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Just walked the dog. Am now cold, wet, and looking forward with hope to the summer, and its promise of slightly warmer rain.
0
RT @Glos_Police: We've released details of 15 dogs our officers rescued from a location in #Quedgeley yesterday. We're asking owners to ema…
592
RT @blukometen: เซอไพรส์วาเลนไทน์
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@gluco_sa_mine こちらこそ受け取ってくれて嬉しいです。これからもずっと大好きです。
0
Ban sought for cyanide trap that hurt Idaho boy, killed dog Cruel and Indiscriminate Traps…
0
【Niya (N-eye-ya)】 💝Futa version available (Just ask) 💝Can be neko, wolf, dog or human 💝Age : 21 💝Is a maid or c…
0
本日はDOG MONSTERのライブを観て来ました! いやーめっちゃ楽しんだ😆 セトリがいつもとちょっと違った感じだったのも良かったんだけど、特に「赤ずきんちゃん」から「人魚姫」に繋ぐ流れがとてもグッと来た。 LiM君、ガッシュさ…
0
@zLbNwRvDPBwJkRQ @ChiknaVeggie @Koenraad_Elst That dog has put his dick deep in your ass!
0
RT @AdoptionsUk: Please retweet to help Buttons find a home #Harefield #London 🇬🇧 Ex racing Greyhound aged 1-2, can live with children age…
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@jckdnh Fake presidency, fake dog on grass
0
I miss him so much but whenever I get him back early I’m always dog tired during the week. Then I feel guilty for n…
0
RT @TAELOVETALK: “FEEL LIKE IM YOUR CAT IM YOUR DOG”
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#trendy Dog Interactive Suction Cup Push Ball
0
@IdentityVJP #第五人格チョコ大作戦 ジョゼフさんいつもありがとう🍫
0
RT @Patternburst: You know, I have never seen a photo of Priti Patel where she isn't smirking like she's let rip a really shitty smelling f…
4
Valentine, you complete me... and you, and you, and you, and also you! ❤️ xoxo Naughty Dog #ValentinesDay This sw…
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the human waited until TODAY. to ask me to be their valentine. it is a little insulting. they assumed i would not h…
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18 plus 2003 what’s up next? Another to the ICU for Bob? Another war in Iraq for the Americans? Bob average Joe…
0
RT @NReveillee: @Sam_and_the_dog Lauren Boebert is friends with III%. They hung out with her at her bar. She took them on reconnaissance to…
2
Cobie straight up murdering charlie lee. Bravo. There is always risk of buying dog shit value-less venice beach l…
0
RT @LukeMones: how is beauty and the beast a “tale as old as time”? a lady hooks up with a big dog, and all the candles in the house start…
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RT @ItIsJoshBro: fuck it sailor!wilbur whos ship gets attacked by mermaids and one mermaid in question is this loudmouth bitch named tommy…
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@go_vantae STRAY KIDS EEL XILEF S'DOG UNEM #VantaeGO_VDay14Special
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RT @septicsaturn: pog spelled backwards is dog
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RT @Nadeshot: Being away from our puppy for a couple days makes me wonder how I’ve lived my whole life without a dog. I love this little gu…
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@iingwen 民进党里面就没有一个比狗强的男人吗?FUCK,DOG!
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The first dog I've ever met that hates the snow. He gets it from me. #sanantonio #snow #dogsofinstagram @ San Anto…
0
Man I miss this dog so much. Looking at this photo makes me laugh cause I remember when it was taken I was like dam…
0
Cho the silliest nigga dog 😂
0
RT @dog_E_slave: 初めて少し奴隷風なのを経験しましたが1度言うことを聞いたり従順になると元々そんなにMじゃなかったのドンドン支配して欲しくなると言うか… 根本からおかしくなる…でもその支配的なのが欲しい…
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@dog_doopar 후관? 전좋아요 빨리부벼요
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RT @TatorTexas: Of all the tfs that I had in my dream where my toony head kept tf into different species, beefy dog got me 💦💦
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RT @saya_miyauchi: 【Kindle半額!】 Kindleで1巻が半額になってるようです! 3月8日に5巻が出ます。 気になってる方はまずは半額で1巻読んでみてください‼︎ #DOGSIGNAL #ドッグシグナル DOG SIGNAL 1 (BRIDGE C…
7
xiao smells like pain, beidou smells gay, bennett smells like a dog and qiqi... smells like a zombie
0
Thirty Little Puppers Puppy-ing Their Way Into Hearts
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Top 10 Healthiest Dog Breeds // In need of a detox? 10% off using our discount code 'Pin10' atwww.ThinTea.com.au
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60 Funny #Furry #Animals To Brighten Your Day
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Puppies Who Are Far Too Cute For This World Cute , welpen, die für diese welt viel zu niedlich sind #puppytumblr #dog #Retriever #puppy
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dogs in dubai #dogfoodrecipes #dogfriendlyplacessingapore #dogheartmurmur #cutepuppies dogs in dubai #dogfoodrecipes #dogfriendlyplacessingapore #dogheartmurmur
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Nach dem Regen kommt immer die Sonne
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You won’t regret giving a dog a chance at a good life. #chance #dog #giving #good #Life #regret #Wont
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Cavapoo Dog Breed Info: Pictures, Characteristics & Facts
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Iphone home screens and wallpapers like galaxy wallpaper, plain wallpaper, simple wallpaper, beautiful wallpaper, fall wallpaper, cute dogs, cats wallpaper, cute animal and flowers wallpapers, plants wallpaper are popular home screens. Download these beautiful wallpapers on your iphonex, iphone xr or samsung phone to decorate your wallpaper. Other wallpapers like marble wallpaper, sky wallpaper and quote wallpaper are also popular iphone wallpaper inspiration.
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Beautiful Australian Shepherd walking
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Nach dem Regen kommt immer die Sonne
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#goldenretriever #puppy #cutedog #cutepuppy #dogtraining #dogs #dogs #puppies
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Haustier Leben: 25 Fotos, die Zeigen, wie Majestätisch die Deutschen Schäferhunde sind
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Haustier Leben: 25 Fotos, die Zeigen, wie Majestätisch die Deutschen Schäferhunde sind
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10 Best Dog Breeds for Families with Young Children - Golden Retriever #dogs #dogbreeds #pets
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dog Pinterest Ideas
  • dog
  • dog halloween costumes
  • dog memes
  • dog quotes
  • dog treats homemade
  • dog tattoo
  • dogs and puppies
  • dog birthday cake
Jun 28, 2020 23:00
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Epicentro. . . . . . . .#me #men #mensfashion #dog #dogsofinstagram #instagood #instalike #photography #photooftheday #travel #fitness #likeforlikes #likeforlike #follow #model #blogger
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#instalike #photooftheday #likeforlike #photography #men
Jul 28, 2020 15:34
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📸 #animals #animal #pet #TagsForLikes #TagsForLikesApp #dog #cat #dogs #cats #photooftheday #cute #pets #instagood #animales #cute #love #nature #animallovers #pets_of_instagram #petstagram #petsagram
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#animallovers #pets #cute #dogs #love
Aug 11, 2020 22:36
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It is one of my joy cooking meals in stone oven even in the rain ☔️ 💦 . . . . . . . . . . #summerhouse #France #stoneoven #lovecooking #livingmybestlife #rural #instagram #instadaily #instacool #instalike #instamood #art #instart #lgbt #gaysnap #gaypride #gay #gaycouple #photography #yoga #photooftheday #gym #nature #wanderlust #food #organic #dog #cat #meditation #bestfriends
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#instart #gay #art #nature #instagram
Aug 30, 2020 08:22
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Aug 30, 2020 21:45
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What Sundays are all about 😴 #sundayfunday #spikethetyke ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ #bulldoglife #frenchie #frenchiepuppy #frenchbulldog #puppy #puppiesofinstagram #dogsofinstagram #frenchiepuppy #frenchbulldogx #fashiondog #baby #puppers #puppygram #cute #instafrenchie #frenchiesofig #doglove #adorable #dog #dogsofinsta #photography #frenchieoftheday #likeforlikes #likes #like4likes #likesforfollow #likesforlikes #likeforlikeback #dogoftheday
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#puppers #cute #bulldoglife #frenchbulldog #sundayfunday
Sep 1, 2020 18:35
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Anyone else got that autumnal feeling?! 🍂 This is perfect snood weather! Time to wrap up and look pawsome 👌 ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー Snood ⇒ @wearwigglewaggle ☆ Don’t forget to use SPIKE10 for money off!! 🤩 ーーーーーーーーーーーーーーーー #spikethetyke ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ #bulldoglife #frenchie #frenchiepuppy #frenchbulldog #puppy #puppiesofinstagram #dogsofinstagram #frenchiepuppy #frenchbulldogx #fashiondog #baby #puppers #puppygram #cute #instafrenchie #frenchiesofig #doglove #adorable #dog #dogsofinsta #photography #frenchiesoverload #frenchieoftheday #likeforlikes #likes #like4likes #likesforfollow #likesforlikes #likeforlikeback #dogoftheday
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#like4likes #likesforlikes #adorable #baby #bulldoglife
Sep 2, 2020 17:19
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#nature#naturelover#dog#wolfdog#free#wild#hiking#hikingwithdog#slovakia#priroda#sun#love#bestfriend#horyapriroda#turistika
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#nature #wolfdog #sun #bestfriend #naturelover
Sep 2, 2020 19:34
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Dominanz, die mieseste Rechtfertigung für Ungerechtigkeit, die sich je ein Mensch ausgedacht hat. 👎🏻💀 Einige Trainer verbreiten noch immer uralte Ideen davon, wie man mit einem SM-Ansatz in der Hundeerziehung vorgehen sollte. Bitte lass Dich davon nicht hinters Licht führen! Weder Strafmaßnahmen noch Dominanz, haben in der Hundeerziehung etwas verloren. Dein Hund braucht keinen Rudelführer und er verhält sich auch nicht dominant, wenn der Verhalten zeigt, dass Dir nicht passt. 🙈 Dein Hund braucht einen zuverlässigen Partner, der ihm hilft in unserer Welt zurecht zu kommen. Das Thema Dominanz kannst Du dabei getrost vergessen. 💪🏻🙂 In meinem Artikel Warum ich kein Rudelführer bin gehe ich genauer auf dieses Thema ein. Den Link findest Du im Wegweiser in meiner Bio. :) Auch ich habe damals gelernt, das Dominanz und Rangordnung wichtige Stützpfeiler in der Hundehaltung wären. Wie viel Leid es meiner alten Laus erspart hätte, wäre ich früher dahinter gekommen, dass das einfach nur Bullshit ist...
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Sep 2, 2020 19:43
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Уютный вечер 🐶 . . #йорки #йорочки #йоркширскийтерьер #собаки #люблюсобак #маленькаяпринцесса #маминосчастье #малышка #york #yorkshireterrier #yorkiesofinstagram #yorkshire_terrier #doglovers #dog #dogstagram
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#dog #york #dogstagram #yorkshireterrier #yorkiesofinstagram
Sep 2, 2020 19:42
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Ramzis #dog #dogslife
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#dogslife #dog