red

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Red is the color at the long wavelength end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet. It has a dominant wavelength of approximately 625–740 nanometres. It is a primary color in the RGB color model and the CMYK color model, and is the complementary color of cyan. Reds range from the brilliant yellow-tinged scarlet and vermillion to bluish-red crimson, and vary in shade from the pale red pink to the dark red burgundy.

Red pigment made from ochre was one of the first colors used in prehistoric art. The Ancient Egyptians and Mayans colored their faces red in ceremonies; Roman generals had their bodies colored red to celebrate victories. It was also an important color in China, where it was used to color early pottery and later the gates and walls of palaces.:60–61 In the Renaissance, the brilliant red costumes for the nobility and wealthy were dyed with kermes and cochineal. The 19th century brought the introduction of the first synthetic red dyes, which replaced the traditional dyes. Red became a symbolic color of Communism; Soviet Russia adopted a red flag following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, later followed by China, Vietnam, and other communist countries.

Since red is the color of blood, it has historically been associated with sacrifice, danger, and courage. Modern surveys in Europe and the United States show red is also the color most commonly associated with heat, activity, passion, sexuality, anger, love, and joy. In China, India and many other Asian countries it is the color of symbolizing happiness and good fortune.:39–63

Varieties of the color red may differ in hue, chroma (also called saturation, intensity, or colorfulness) or lightness (or value, tone, or brightness), or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a red or other hue mixed with white, a shade being mixed with black. A large selection of these various colors is shown below.

The cardinal takes its name from the color worn by Catholic cardinals.

Pink is a pale shade of red. Cherry blossoms in the Tsutsujigaoka Park, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Vermilion is similar to scarlet, but slightly more orange. This is sindoor, a red cosmetic powder used in India; some Hindu women put a stripe of sindoor in their hair to show they are married.

Ruby is the color of a cut and polished ruby gemstone.

The human eye sees red when it looks at light with a wavelength between approximately 625 and 740 nanometers. It is a primary color in the RGB color model and the light just past this range is called infrared, or below red, and cannot be seen by human eyes, although it can be sensed as heat. In the language of optics, red is the color evoked by light that stimulates neither the S or the M (short and medium wavelength) cone cells of the retina, combined with a fading stimulation of the L (long-wavelength) cone cells.

Primates can distinguish the full range of the colors of the spectrum visible to humans, but many kinds of mammals, such as dogs and cattle, have dichromacy, which means they can see blues and yellows, but cannot distinguish red and green (both are seen as gray). Bulls, for instance, cannot see the red color of the cape of a bullfighter, but they are agitated by its movement. (See color vision).

One theory for why primates developed sensitivity to red is that it allowed ripe fruit to be distinguished from unripe fruit and inedible vegetation. This may have driven further adaptations by species taking advantage of this new ability, such as the emergence of red faces.

Red light is used to help adapt night vision in low-light or night time, as the rod cells in the human eye are not sensitive to red.

Red illumination was (and sometimes still is) used as a safelight while working in a darkroom as it does not expose most photographic paper and some films. Today modern darkrooms usually use an amber safelight.

On the color wheel long used by painters, and in traditional color theory, red is one of the three primary colors, along with blue and yellow. Painters in the Renaissance mixed red and blue to make violet: Cennino Cennini, in his 15th-century manual on painting, wrote, "If you want to make a lovely violet colour, take fine lac [red lake], ultramarine blue (the same amount of the one as of the other) with a binder"; he noted that it could also be made by mixing blue indigo and red hematite.

In modern color theory, also known as the RGB color model, red, green and blue are additive primary colors. Red, green and blue light combined together makes white light, and these three colors, combined in different mixtures, can produce nearly any other color. This is the principle that is used to make all of the colors on your computer screen and your television. For example, magenta on a computer screen is made by a similar formula to that used by Cennino Cennini in the Renaissance to make violet, but using additive colors and light instead of pigment: it is created by combining red and blue light at equal intensity on a black screen. Violet is made on a computer screen in a similar way, but with a greater amount of blue light and less red light.

(See Web colors and RGB color model)

In a traditional color wheel from 1708, red, yellow and blue are primary colors. Red and yellow make orange; red and blue make violet.

In modern color theory, red, green and blue are the additive primary colors, and together they make white. A combination of red, green and blue light in varying proportions makes all the colors on your computer screen and television screen.

Tiny Red, green and blue sub-pixels (enlarged on left side of image) create the colors you see on your computer screen and TV.

As a ray of white sunlight travels through the atmosphere to the eye, some of the colors are scattered out of the beam by air molecules and airborne particles due to Rayleigh scattering, changing the final color of the beam that is seen. Colors with a shorter wavelength, such as blue and green, scatter more strongly, and are removed from the light that finally reaches the eye. At sunrise and sunset, when the path of the sunlight through the atmosphere to the eye is longest, the blue and green components are removed almost completely, leaving the longer wavelength orange and red light. The remaining reddened sunlight can also be scattered by cloud droplets and other relatively large particles, which give the sky above the horizon its red glow.

Lasers emitting in the red region of the spectrum have been available since the invention of the ruby laser in 1960. In 1962 the red helium–neon laser was invented, and these two types of lasers were widely used in many scientific applications including holography, and in education. Red helium–neon lasers were used commercially in LaserDisc players. The use of red laser diodes became widespread with the commercial success of modern DVD players, which use a 660 nm laser diode technology. Today, red and red-orange laser diodes are widely available to the public in the form of extremely inexpensive laser pointers. Portable, high-powered versions are also available for various applications. More recently, 671 nm diode-pumped solid state (DPSS) lasers have been introduced to the market for all-DPSS laser display systems, particle image velocimetry, Raman spectroscopy, and holography.

Red's wavelength has been an important factor in laser technologies; red lasers, used in early compact disc technologies, are being replaced by blue lasers, as red's longer wavelength causes the laser's recordings to take up more space on the disc than would blue-laser recordings.

Mars appears to be red because of iron oxide on its surface.

Mira, a red giant

Artist's impression of a red dwarf, a small, relatively cool star that appears red due to its temperature

Red ochre cliffs near Roussillon in France. Red ochre is composed of clay tinted with hematite. Ochre was the first pigment used by man in prehistoric cave paintings.

Vermilion pigment, made from cinnabar. This was the pigment used in the murals of Pompeii and to color Chinese lacquerware beginning in the Song dynasty.

Despite its yellow greenish flower, the roots of the Rubia tinctorum, or madder plant, produced the most common red dye used from ancient times until the 19th century.

Red lead, also known as minium, has been used since the time of the ancient Greeks. Chemically it is known as lead tetroxide. The Romans prepared it by the roasting of lead white pigment. It was commonly used in the Middle Ages for the headings and decoration of illuminated manuscripts.

Alizarin was the first synthetic red dye, created by German chemists in 1868. It duplicated the colorant in the madder plant, but was cheaper and longer lasting. After its introduction, the production of natural dyes from the madder plant virtually ceased.

Red lac, also called red lake, crimson lake or carmine lake, was an important red pigment in Renaissance and Baroque art. Since it was translucent, thin layers of red lac were built up or glazed over a more opaque dark color to create a particularly deep and vivid color.

Unlike vermilion or red ochre, made from minerals, red lake pigments are made by mixing organic dyes, made from insects or plants, with white chalk or alum. Red lac was made from the gum lac, the dark red resinous substance secreted by various scale insects, particularly the Laccifer lacca from India. Carmine lake was made from the cochineal insect from Central and South America, Kermes lake came from a different scale insect, kermes vermilio, which thrived on oak trees around the Mediterranean. Other red lakes were made from the rose madder plant and from the brazilwood tree.

Red lake pigments were an important part of the palette of 16th-century Venetian painters, particularly Titian, but they were used in all periods. Since the red lakes were made from organic dyes, they tended to be fugitive, becoming unstable and fading when exposed to sunlight.

The most common synthetic food coloring today is Allura Red AC, a red azo dye that goes by several names including: Allura Red, Food Red 17, C.I. 16035, FD&C Red 40, It was originally manufactured from coal tar, but now is mostly made from petroleum.

In Europe, Allura Red AC is not recommended for consumption by children. It is banned in Denmark, Belgium, France and Switzerland, and was also banned in Sweden until the country joined the European Union in 1994. The European Union approves Allura Red AC as a food colorant, but EU countries' local laws banning food colorants are preserved.

In the United States, Allura Red AC is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in cosmetics, drugs, and food. It is used in some tattoo inks and is used in many products, such as soft drinks, children's medications, and cotton candy. On June 30, 2010, the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI) called for the FDA to ban Red 40.

Because of public concerns about possible health risks associated with synthetic dyes, many companies have switched to using natural pigments such as carmine, made from crushing the tiny female cochineal insect. This insect, originating in Mexico and Central America, was used to make the brilliant scarlet dyes of the European Renaissance.

The red of autumn leaves is produced by pigments called anthocyanins. They are not present in the leaf throughout the growing season, but are actively produced towards the end of summer. They develop in late summer in the sap of the cells of the leaf, and this development is the result of complex interactions of many influences—both inside and outside the plant. Their formation depends on the breakdown of sugars in the presence of bright light as the level of phosphate in the leaf is reduced.

During the summer growing season, phosphate is at a high level. It has a vital role in the breakdown of the sugars manufactured by chlorophyll. But in the fall, phosphate, along with the other chemicals and nutrients, moves out of the leaf into the stem of the plant. When this happens, the sugar-breakdown process changes, leading to the production of anthocyanin pigments. The brighter the light during this period, the greater the production of anthocyanins and the more brilliant the resulting color display. When the days of autumn are bright and cool, and the nights are chilly but not freezing, the brightest colorations usually develop.

Anthocyanins temporarily color the edges of some of the very young leaves as they unfold from the buds in early spring. They also give the familiar color to such common fruits as cranberries, red apples, blueberries, cherries, raspberries, and plums.

Anthocyanins are present in about 10% of tree species in temperate regions, although in certain areas—a famous example being New England—up to 70% of tree species may produce the pigment. In autumn forests they appear vivid in the maples, oaks, sourwood, sweetgums, dogwoods, tupelos, cherry trees and persimmons. These same pigments often combine with the carotenoids' colors to create the deeper orange, fiery reds, and bronzes typical of many hardwood species. (See Autumn leaf color).

Oxygenated blood is red due to the presence of oxygenated hemoglobin that contains iron molecules, with the iron components reflecting red light. Red meat gets its color from the iron found in the myoglobin and hemoglobin in the muscles and residual blood.

Plants like apples, strawberries, cherries, tomatoes, peppers, and pomegranates are often colored by forms of carotenoids, red pigments that also assist photosynthesis.

Red blood cell agar. Blood appears red due to the iron molecules in blood cells.

A red setter or Irish setter

A pair of European red foxes.

The European robin or robin redbreast

A cooked lobster

Red hair occurs naturally on approximately 1–2% of the human population. It occurs more frequently (2–6%) in people of northern or western European ancestry, and less frequently in other populations. Red hair appears in people with two copies of a recessive gene on chromosome 16 which causes a mutation in the MC1R protein.

Red hair varies from a deep burgundy through burnt orange to bright copper. It is characterized by high levels of the reddish pigment pheomelanin (which also accounts for the red color of the lips) and relatively low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin. The term redhead (originally redd hede) has been in use since at least 1510. Cultural reactions have varied from ridicule to admiration; many common stereotypes exist regarding redheads and they are often portrayed as fiery-tempered.

Red is associated with dominance in a number of animal species. For example, in mandrills, red coloration of the face is greatest in alpha males, increasingly less prominent in lower ranking subordinates, and directly correlated with levels of testosterone. Red can also affect the perception of dominance by others, leading to significant differences in mortality, reproductive success and parental investment between individuals displaying red and those not. In humans, wearing red has been linked with increased performance in competitions, including professional sport and multiplayer video games. Controlled tests have demonstrated that wearing red does not increase performance or levels of testosterone during exercise, so the effect is likely to be produced by perceived rather than actual performance. Judges of tae kwon do have been shown to favor competitors wearing red protective gear over blue, and, when asked, a significant majority of people say that red abstract shapes are more "dominant", "aggressive", and "likely to win a physical competition" than blue shapes. In contrast to its positive effect in physical competition and dominance behavior, exposure to red decreases performance in cognitive tasks and elicits aversion in psychological tests where subjects are placed in an "achievement" context (e.g. taking an IQ test).

Inside cave 13B at Pinnacle Point, an archeological site found on the coast of South Africa, paleoanthropologists in 2000 found evidence that, between 170,000 and 40,000 years ago, Late Stone Age people were scraping and grinding ochre, a clay colored red by iron oxide, probably with the intention of using it to color their bodies.

Red hematite powder was also found scattered around the remains at a grave site in a Zhoukoudian cave complex near Beijing. The site has evidence of habitation as early as 700,000 years ago. The hematite might have been used to symbolize blood in an offering to the dead.:4

In ancient Egypt, red was associated with life, health, and victory. Egyptians would color themselves with red ochre during celebrations. Egyptian women used red ochre as a cosmetic to redden cheeks and lips and also used henna to color their hair and paint their nails.

In Renaissance painting, red was used to draw the attention of the viewer; it was often used as the color of the cloak or costume of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or another central figure. In Venice, Titian was the master of fine reds, particularly vermilion; he used many layers of pigment mixed with a semi-transparent glaze, which let the light pass through, to create a more luminous color.

The Assumption, by Titian (1516–18). The figures of God, the Virgin Mary and two apostles are highlighted by their vermilion red costumes.

The young Queen Elizabeth I (here in about 1563) liked to wear bright reds, before she adopted the more sober image of the "Virgin Queen". Her satin gown was probably dyed with kermes.

The Wedding Dance (1566), by Pieter Bruegel the Elder. In Renaissance Flanders, people of all social classes wore red at celebrations. The dye came from the root of the madder plant, which tended toward orange.

Woman with a wine glass, by Johannes Vermeer (1659–60). Vermeer used different shades and tints of vermilion to paint the red skirt, then glazed it with madder lake to make a more luminous color.

Dyed feather headdress from the Aztec people of Mexico and Central America. For red they used cochineal, a brilliant scarlet dye made from insects.

A native of Central America collecting cochineal insects from a cactus to make red dye (1777). From the 16th until the 19th century, it was a highly profitable export from Spanish Mexico to Europe.

During the French Revolution, the Jacobins and other more radical parties adopted the red flag; it was taken from red flags hoisted by the French government to declare a state of siege or emergency. Many of them wore a red Phrygian cap, or liberty cap, modeled after the caps worn by freed slaves in Ancient Rome. During the height of the Reign of Terror, Women wearing red caps gathered around the guillotine to celebrate each execution. They were called the "Furies of the guillotine". The guillotines used during the Reign of Terror in 1792 and 1793 were painted red, or made of red wood. During the Reign of Terror a statue of a woman titled liberty, painted red, was placed in the square in front of the guillotine. After the end of the Reign of Terror, France went back to the blue, white and red tricolor, whose red was taken from the red and blue colors of the city of Paris, and was the traditional color of Saint Denis, the Christian martyr and patron saint of Paris.

In the 20th century, red was the color of Revolution; it was the color of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 and of the Chinese Revolution of 1949, and later of the Cultural Revolution. Red was the color of communist parties from Eastern Europe to Cuba to Vietnam.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, the German chemical industry invented two new synthetic red pigments: cadmium red, which was the color of natural vermilion, and mars red, which was a synthetic red ochre, the color of the very first natural red pigment.

Surveys show that red is the color most associated with courage.:43 In western countries red is a symbol of martyrs and sacrifice, particularly because of its association with blood. Beginning in the Middle Ages, the Pope and Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church wore red to symbolize the blood of Christ and the Christian martyrs. The banner of the Christian soldiers in the First Crusade was a red cross on a white field, the St. George's Cross. According to Christian tradition, Saint George was a Roman soldier who was a member of the guards of the Emperor Diocletian, who refused to renounce his Christian faith and was martyred. The Saint George's Cross became the Flag of England in the 16th century, and now is part of the Union Flag of the United Kingdom, as well as the Flag of the Republic of Georgia.:36

The Crucified Martyr (Saint Julia) by the Dutch artist Hieronymus Bosch. Saint Julia wears red, the traditional color of Christian martyrs.

Roman Catholic Popes wear red as the symbol of the blood of Christ. This is Pope Innocent III, in about 1219.

Robert Gibb's 1881 painting, The Thin Red Line, depicting The Thin Red Line at the Battle of Balaclava (1854), when a line of the Scottish Highland infantry repulsed a Russian cavalry charge. The name was given by the British press as a symbol of courage against the odds.

The red poppy flower is worn on Remembrance Day in Commonwealth countries to honor soldiers who died in the First World War.

While red is the color most associated with love, it also the color most frequently associated with hatred, anger, aggression and war. People who are angry are said to "see red." Red is the color most commonly associated with passion and heat. In ancient Rome, red was the color of Mars, the god of war—the planet Mars was named for him because of its red color.:42, 53

Red is the traditional color of warning and danger, and is therefore often used on flags. In the Middle Ages, a red flag shown in warfare indicated the intent to fight "mortal warfare," where the opposition would be slaughtered with none spared or taken prisoner taken for ransom. Similarly, a red flag hoisted by a pirate ship meant no mercy would be shown to their target. In Britain, in the early days of motoring, motor cars had to follow a man with a red flag who would warn horse-drawn vehicles, before the Locomotives on Highways Act 1896 abolished this law. In automobile races, the red flag is raised if there is danger to the drivers. In international football, a player who has made a serious violation of the rules is shown a red penalty card and ejected from the game.

Several studies have indicated that red carries the strongest reaction of all the colors, with the level of reaction decreasing gradually with the colors orange, yellow, and white, respectively. For this reason, red is generally used as the highest level of warning, such as threat level of terrorist attack in the United States. In fact, teachers at a primary school in the UK have been told not to mark children's work in red ink because it encourages a "negative approach".

Red is the international color of stop signs and stop lights on highways and intersections. It was standardized as the international color at the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals of 1968. It was chosen partly because red is the brightest color in daytime (next to orange), though it is less visible at twilight, when green is the most visible color. Red also stands out more clearly against a cool natural backdrop of blue sky, green trees or gray buildings. But it was mostly chosen as the color for stoplights and stop signs because of its universal association with danger and warning.:54 The 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals of 1968 uses red color also for the margin of danger warning sign, give way signs and prohibitory signs, following the previous German-type signage (established by Verordnung über Warnungstafeln für den Kraftfahrzeugverkehr in 1927).

The standard international stop sign, following the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals of 1968

Footballer Nemanja Vidić is shown a red card and ejected from a soccer match

A red Chinese typhoon alert sign

Red is the color of a severe terrorist threat level in the United States, under the Homeland Security Advisory System.

Red is the color of a severe fire danger in Australia; new black/red stripes are an even more catastrophic hazard.

Red is the color of a UK Railway "Home" signal; the white stripe helps recognition against dark backgrounds.

Red is the color that most attracts attention. Surveys show it is the color most frequently associated with visibility, proximity, and extroverts.[citation needed] It is also the color most associated with dynamism and activity.:48, 58

Red is used in modern fashion much as it was used in Medieval painting; to attract the eyes of the viewer to the person who is supposed to be the center of attention. People wearing red seem to be closer than those dressed in other colors, even if they are actually the same distance away.:48, 58 Monarchs, wives of presidential candidates and other celebrities often wear red to be visible from a distance in a crowd. It is also commonly worn by lifeguards and others whose job requires them to be easily found.

Because red attracts attention, it is frequently used in advertising, though studies show that people are less likely to read something printed in red because they know it is advertising, and because it is more difficult visually to read than black and white text.:60

Red by a large margin is the color most commonly associated with seduction, sexuality, eroticism and immorality, possibly because of its close connection with passion and with danger.:55

Red was long seen as having a dark side, particularly in Christian theology. It was associated with sexual passion, anger, sin, and the devil. In the Old Testament of the Bible, the Book of Isaiah said: "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be white as snow." In the New Testament, in the Book of Revelation, the Antichrist appears as a red monster, ridden by a woman dressed in scarlet, known as the Whore of Babylon.

Satan is often depicted as colored red and/or wearing a red costume in both iconography and popular culture. By the 20th century, the devil in red had become a folk character in legends and stories. The devil in red appears more often in cartoons and movies than in religious art.

In 17th-century New England, red was associated with adultery. In the 1850 novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne, The Scarlet Letter, set in a Puritan New England community, a woman is punished for adultery with ostracism, her sin represented by a red letter 'A' sewn onto her clothes.

Red is still commonly associated with prostitution. At various points in history, prostitutes were required to wear red to announce their profession. Houses of prostitution displayed a red light. Beginning in the early 20th century, houses of prostitution were allowed only in certain specified neighborhoods, which became known as red-light districts. Large red-light districts are found today in Bangkok and Amsterdam.

In both Christian and Hebrew tradition, red is also sometimes associated with murder or guilt, with "having blood on one's hands", or "being caught red-handed.

The Whore of Babylon, depicted in a 14th-century French illuminated manuscript. The woman appears attractive, but is wearing red under her blue garment.

Reine de joie, (Queen of Joy), a book cover illustration by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1892) about a Paris prostitute

Sheet music for "At the Devil's Ball", by Irving Berlin, United States, 1915.

The red-light district in Amsterdam (2003). Red is the sex industry's preferred color in many cultures, due to being strongly associated with passion, love and sexuality.:39–63

Red lipstick has been worn by women as a cosmetic since ancient times. It was worn by Cleopatra, Queen Elizabeth I, and film stars such as Elizabeth Taylor and Marilyn Monroe.

In China, red (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: hóng) is the symbol of fire and the south (both south in general and Southern China specifically). It carries a largely positive connotation, being associated with courage, loyalty, honor, success, fortune, fertility, happiness, passion, and summer. In Japan, red is a traditional color for a heroic figure. In the Indian subcontinent, red is the traditional color of bridal dresses, and is frequently represented in the media as a symbolic color for married women. In Central Africa, Ndembu warriors rub themselves with red paint during celebrations. Since their culture sees the color as a symbol of life and health, sick people are also painted with it. Like most Central African cultures, the Ndembu see red as ambivalent, better than black but not as good as white. In other parts of Africa, however, red is a color of mourning, representing death. In Vietnamese culture, red is the colour of happiness, love, luck, and celebration.

Red is predominant in the Russian ritual textile Rushnyk

The bride at a traditional Chinese wedding dresses in red, the color of happiness and good fortune.

Red flags in a celebration of Muharram in Iran.

In Hinduism, red is associated with Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and embodiment of beauty.

Red envelope for Lunar New Year

In Christianity, red is associated with the blood of Christ and the sacrifice of martyrs. In the Roman Catholic Church it is also associated with pentecost and the Holy Spirit.

In Buddhism, red is one of the five colors which are said to have emanated from the Buddha when he attained enlightenment, or nirvana.

In the Shinto religion of Japan, the gateways of temples, called torii, are traditionally painted vermilion red and black. The torii symbolizes the passage from the profane world to a sacred place. The bridges in the gardens of Japanese temples are also painted red.

In Paganism, red represents passion, courage, strength, and intense emotions. It is used for love, physical energy, health, and willpower.

NATO Military Symbols for Land Based Systems uses red to denote hostile forces, hence the terms "red team" and "Red Cell" to denote challengers during exercises.

The red military uniform was adopted by the English Parliament's New Model Army in 1645, and was still worn as a dress uniform by the British Army until the outbreak of the First World War in August 1914. Ordinary soldiers wore red coats dyed with madder, while officers wore scarlet coats dyed with the more expensive cochineal.:168–69 This led to British soldiers being known as red coats.

In the modern British army, scarlet is still worn by the Foot Guards, the Life Guards, and by some regimental bands or drummers for ceremonial purposes. Officers and NCOs of those regiments which previously wore red retain scarlet as the color of their "mess" or formal evening jackets. The Royal Gibraltar Regiment has a scarlet tunic in its winter dress.

Scarlet is worn for some full dress, military band or mess uniforms in the modern armies of a number of the countries that made up the former British Empire. These include the Australian, Jamaican, New Zealand, Fijian, Canadian, Kenyan, Ghanaian, Indian, Singaporean, Sri Lankan and Pakistani armies.

The musicians of the United States Marine Corps Band wear red, following an 18th-century military tradition that the uniforms of band members are the reverse of the uniforms of the other soldiers in their unit. Since the US Marine uniform is blue with red facings, the band wears the reverse.

Red Serge is the uniform of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, created in 1873 as the North-West Mounted Police, and given its present name in 1920. The uniform was adapted from the tunic of the British Army. Cadets at the Royal Military College of Canada also wear red dress uniforms.

The Brazilian Marine Corps wears a red dress uniform.

Officer and soldier of the British Army, 1815.

The scarlet uniform of the National Guards Unit of Bulgaria

Musicians of the United States Marine Corps Band

Officer of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

The Brazilian Marine Corps wears a dress uniform called A Garança.

Soldiers of the Rajput Regiment of the Indian Army

The first known team sport to feature red uniforms was chariot racing during the late Roman Empire. The earliest races were between two chariots, one driver wearing red, the other white. Later, the number of teams was increased to four, including drivers in light green and sky blue. Twenty-five races were run in a day, with a total of one hundred chariots participating.

Today many sports teams throughout the world feature red on their uniforms. Along with blue, red is the most commonly used non-white color in sports. Numerous national sports teams wear red, often through association with their national flags. A few of these teams feature the color as part of their nickname such as Spain (with their association football (soccer) national team nicknamed La Furia Roja or "The Red Fury") and Belgium (whose football team bears the nickname Rode Duivels or "Red Devils").

In club association football (soccer), red is a commonly used color throughout the world. A number of teams' nicknames feature the color. A red penalty card is issued to a player who commits a serious infraction: the player is immediately disqualified from further play and his team must continue with one fewer player for the game's duration.

In rugby union, Ireland's Munster rugby, New Zealand's Canterbury provincial team and the Crusaders Super 14 rugby side wear red as a major color in their playing strips.

Rosso Corsa is the red international motor racing color of cars entered by teams from Italy. Since the 1920s Italian race cars of Alfa Romeo, Maserati, Lancia, and later Ferrari and Abarth have been painted with a color known as rosso corsa ("racing red"). National colors were mostly replaced in Formula One by commercial sponsor liveries in 1968, but unlike most other teams, Ferrari always kept the traditional red, although the shade of the color varies.

The color is commonly used for professional sports teams in Canada and the United States with eleven Major League Baseball teams, eleven National Hockey League teams, seven National Football League teams and eleven National Basketball Association teams prominently featuring some shade of the color. The color is also featured in the league logos of Major League Baseball, the National Football League and the National Basketball Association. In the National Football League, a red flag is thrown by the head coach to challenge a referee's decision during the game. During the 1950s when red was strongly associated with communism in the United States, the modern Cincinnati Reds team was known as the "Redlegs" and the term was used on baseball cards. After the red scare faded, the team was known as the "Reds" again.

In boxing, red is often the color used on a fighter's gloves. George Foreman wore the same red trunks he used during his loss to Muhammad Ali when he defeated Michael Moorer 20 years later to regain the title he lost. Boxers named or nicknamed "red" include Red Burman, Ernie "Red" Lopez, and his brother Danny "Little Red" Lopez.

Ancient Roman mosaic of the winner of a chariot race, wearing the colors of the red team.

Both the Cleveland Indians and the Boston Red Sox wear red.

In martial arts, a red belt shows a high degree of proficiency, second only, in some schools, to the black belt.

An Alfa Romeo Sports Racing car in 1977, painted Rosso Corsa, ("racing red"), the traditional racing color of Italy from the 1920s until the late 1960s.

Red is one of the most common colors used on national flags. The use of red has similar connotations from country to country: the blood, sacrifice, and courage of those who defended their country; the sun and the hope and warmth it brings; and the sacrifice of Christ's blood (in some historically Christian nations) are a few examples. Red is the color of the flags of several countries that once belonged to the British Empire. The British flag bears the colors red, white and blue; it includes the cross of Saint George, patron saint of England, and the saltire of Saint Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, both of which are red on white.:10 The flag of the United States bears the colors of Britain, the colors of the French tricolore include red as part of the old Paris coat of arms, and other countries' flags, such as those of Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji, carry a small inset of the British flag in memory of their ties to that country.:13–20 Many former colonies of Spain, such as Mexico, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico and Venezuela, also feature red-one of the colors of the Spanish flag-on their own banners. Red flags are also used to symbolize storms, bad water conditions, and many other dangers. Navy flags are often red and yellow. Red is prominently featured in the flag of the United States Marine Corps.

The red on the flag of Nepal represents the floral emblem of the country, the rhododendron.

Red, blue, and white are also the Pan-Slavic colors adopted by the Slavic solidarity movement of the late nineteenth century. Initially these were the colors of the Russian flag; as the Slavic movement grew, they were adopted by other Slavic peoples including Slovaks, Slovenes, and Serbs. The flags of the Czech Republic and Poland use red for historic heraldic reasons (see Coat of arms of Poland and Coat of arms of the Czech Republic) & not due to Pan-Slavic connotations. In 2004 Georgia adopted a new white flag, which consists of four small and one big red cross in the middle touching all four sides.

Red, white, and black were the colors of the German Empire from 1870 to 1918, and as such they came to be associated with German nationalism. In the 1920s they were adopted as the colors of the Nazi flag. In Mein Kampf, Hitler explained that they were "revered colors expressive of our homage to the glorious past." The red part of the flag was also chosen to attract attention – Hitler wrote: "the new flag ... should prove effective as a large poster" because "in hundreds of thousands of cases a really striking emblem may be the first cause of awakening interest in a movement." The red also symbolized the social program of the Nazis, aimed at German workers. Several designs by a number of different authors were considered, but the one adopted in the end was Hitler's personal design.

Red, white, green and black are the colors of Pan-Arabism and are used by many Arab countries.

Red, gold, green, and black are the colors of Pan-Africanism. Several African countries thus use the color on their flags, including South Africa, Ghana, Senegal, Mali, Ethiopia, Togo, Guinea, Benin, and Zimbabwe. The Pan-African colors are borrowed from the flag of Ethiopia, one of the oldest independent African countries. Rwanda, notably, removed red from its flag after the Rwandan genocide because of red's association with blood.

The flags of Japan and Bangladesh both have a red circle in the middle of different colored backgrounds. The flag of the Philippines has a red trapezoid on the bottom signifying blood, courage, and valor (also, if the flag is inverted so that the red trapezoid is on top and the blue at the bottom, it indicates a state of war). The flag of Singapore has a red rectangle on the top. The field of the flag of Portugal is green and red. The Ottoman Empire adopted several different red flags during the six centuries of its rule, with the successor Republic of Turkey continuing the 1844 Ottoman Flag.

The flag of the Byzantine Empire from 1260 to its fall in 1453

The St George's cross was the banner of the First Crusade, then, beginning in the 13th century, the flag of England. It is the red color (along with that of the Cross of Saint Patrick) in the flag of the United Kingdom, and, by adoption, of the red in the flag of the United States.

The red stripes in the flag of the United States were adapted from the flag of the British East Indies Company. This is the Grand Union Flag, the first U.S. flag established by the Continental Congress.

The Flag of Georgia also features the Saint George's Cross. It dates back to the banner of Medieval Georgia in the 5th century.

The maple leaf flag of Canada, adopted in 1965. The red color comes from the Saint George's Cross of England.

In 18th-century Europe, red was usually associated with the monarchy and with those in power. The Pope wore red, as did the Swiss Guards of the Kings of France, the soldiers of the British Army and the Danish Army.

The French Revolution saw red used by the Jacobins as a symbol of the martyrs of the Revolution. In the nineteenth century, with the Industrial Revolution and the rise of worker's movements, it became the color of socialism (especially the Marxist variant), and, with the Paris Commune of 1870, of revolution.

In the 20th century, red was the color first of the Russian Bolsheviks and then, after the success of the Russian Revolution of 1917, of communist parties around the world.

Red also became the color of many social democratic parties in Europe, including the Labour Party in Britain (founded 1900); the Social Democratic Party of Germany (whose roots went back to 1863) and the French Socialist Party, which dated back under different names, to 1879. The Socialist Party of America (1901–72) and the Communist Party USA (1919) both also chose red as their color.

Members of the Christian-Social People's Party in Liechtenstein (founded 1918) advocated an expansion of democracy and progressive social policies, and were often referred to disparagingly as "Reds" for their social liberal leanings and party colors.

The Communist Party of China, founded in 1920, adopted the red flag and hammer and sickle emblem of the Soviet Union, which became the national symbols when the Party took power in China in 1949. Under Party leader Mao Zedong, the Party anthem became "The East Is Red", and Mao Zedong himself was sometimes referred to as a "red sun". During the Cultural Revolution in China, Party ideology was enforced by the Red Guards, and the sayings of Mao Zedong were published as a small red book in hundreds of millions of copies. Today the Communist Party of China claims to be the largest political party in the world, with eighty million members.

Beginning in the 1960s and the 1970s, paramilitary extremist groups such as the Red Army Faction in Germany, the Japanese Red Army and the Shining Path Maoist movement in Peru used red as their color. But in the 1980s, some European socialist and social democratic parties, such as the Labour Party in Britain and the Socialist Party in France, moved away from the symbolism of the far left, keeping the red color but changing their symbol to a less-threatening red rose.

Red is used around the world by political parties of the left or center-left. In the United States, it is the color of the Communist Party USA, of the Social Democrats, USA, and in Puerto Rico, of the Popular Democratic Party of Puerto Rico.

In the United States, political commentators often refer to the "red states", which traditionally vote for Republican candidates in presidential elections, and "blue states", which vote for the Democratic candidate. This convention is relatively recent: before the 2000 presidential election, media outlets assigned red and blue to both parties, sometimes alternating the allocation for each election. Fixed usage was established during the 39-day recount following the 2000 election, when the media began to discuss the contest in terms of "red states" versus "blue states".

Such names as Red Club (a bar), Red Carpet (a discothèque) or Red Cottbus and Club Red (event locations) suggest liveliness and excitement. The Red Hat Society is a social group founded in 1998 for women 50 and over. Use of the color red to call attention to an emergency situation is evident in the names of such organizations as the Red Cross (humanitarian aid), Red Hot Organization (AIDS support), and the Red List of Threatened Species (of IUCN). In reference to humans, term "red" is often used in the West to describe the indigenous peoples of the Americas.

Many idiomatic expressions exploit the various connotations of red:

@lilnatz4 💯 red since 1886
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انا وصاحبات الدراسه 👈👉
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@Fireyserpent1 @Joe_Chills @BernieSanders No I'm aware of how the Democrats beat and ran Republicans out of town wh…
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@ThamiAbraham First time I had henny, my friend made me have it with red bull. I was like what a weird combo
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@1_tr1p bc i’m ugly 🥵
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@MichelePradoBa Eu acho que silicone industrial não tem mais jeito, essa mulher nunca terá o rosto de volta...
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@florysol_ LOL!! I dead ass went to the gas station to gas up and get one pack and I swore they were red and it was…
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rt gain like promo gc giveaway follow sm lisa baekhyun jisoo bg gg fancam army gay anime manga art comeback ifb nct…
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This is a red flag! Imagine going to work with an armed hostile unstable colleague and not having much recourse.…
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Queremos anunciarles que el 20 de febrero se inicia la vacunación masiva en Colombia, y durante el primer trimestre…
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There is little doubt that Delhi police allowed those who strayed off decided route on R-day& reached Red Fort. Pol…
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We now live in times where Deep Sidhu of the Red Fort vandalism infamy isn’t detained but journalists doing their job are.
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Must read: Our oldest Navy Chief Admiral Ramdas' letter to Pres. He witnessed many Indep day functions at Red Fort.…
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We respect Nishan Sahib. Did you know: Fateh Diwas was celebrated with Nishan Sahib flags for 1st time in 2014 at…
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RT @TBZ_UPDATES: [📸] 210131 SMA RED CARPET - THE BOYZ #더보이즈 #THEBOYZ @WE_THE_BOYZ
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RT @clownteume_: TREASURE NEVER HAD A FORMAL RED CARPET APPEARANCE I CANNOT 😭😭😭
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RT @ABlackParadise1: SKZ @ SMA Red Carpet @Stray_Kids #StrayKids #스트레이키즈
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@MandyKa02763177 @RajSinghBastiUP @VirendraPunia6 @RavichaudharyN1 @RLD_IT @Sourabh_RLD2022 @SubodhRLD @jayantrld…
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RT @ABlackParadise1: SKZ @ SMA Red Carpet @Stray_Kids #StrayKids #스트레이키즈
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@asahikunnnn Masi red carpet ga c? Setauku mulainya jam 16.50 wib
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RT @7chillsuks: hyunsuk for sma red carpet: “after a long time as trainees, we are finally able to do what we wanted to show you. and that'…
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RT @watawoojikyu: jihoon being extra on their red carpet 😆♡ #트레저 #지훈 #ジフン @treasuremembers
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RT @kkambagim: [210131] 30th High1 Seoul Music Awards Red Carpet ENHYPEN Cut 1/3 #ENHYPENon30thSMA @ENHYPEN_members
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@choice_rap @S_C_ @kanyewest Red
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they own the red carpet #StrayKids_2021SMA @Stray_Kids #StrayKids
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RT @theseoulstory: 📸 Here are photos of TXT at the red carpet of the 30th Seoul Music Awards ❤️ #SMA2021 @TXT_bighit @TXT_members
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RT @theseoulstory: 📸 Looking good, boys~ 😍👌 Here's ENHYPEN at the red carpet of the 30th Seoul Music Awards today #SMA2021 @ENHYPEN @ENHYP…
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RT @theseoulstory: 📸 aespa wearing all black at the red carpet of the 30th Seoul Music Awards today~ ❤️ #SMA2021 @aespa_official
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RT @bangchannies: bang chan at the sma red carpet 2019 2021
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RT @CoronelOlrik_2: Gürtel: Repartirse dinerillo de unos contratos de mierda y pagarles gilipolleces a políticos de cuarta. EREs: Red clie…
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RT @theseoulstory: 📸 aespa wearing all black at the red carpet of the 30th Seoul Music Awards today~ ❤️ #SMA2021 @aespa_official
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BLACKPINK's #Jennie is beyond pretty in red at #TheEvent, while #Blinks obsess on new dope Rap Remix of #Solo2 as t…
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RT @milkikim__: ALL BOOTWT ANARCHISTS !!! it is time. for we have sat quietly waiting, living under the injustice that is the bootwt gover…
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@Porshapwr Well I want this.
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RT @energizol: Un EQUIPO no es un grupo de personas que trabajan juntas, es la CALIDAD de sus RELACIONES lo que lo define. Un EQUIPO será…
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RT @UlsterCentenary: A lorry is held up for 8 days and counting because paperwork is missing for 1 tray of carrots. The unnecessary red ta…
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RT @honeydadd: Minecraft Blocks Personified! - Red Mushroom Block, End Portal Frame, Crying Obsidian, and Prismarine
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일을 다 끝냈다면 쉬시는 게 좋겠지요. 휴식도 중요한 요소 중 하나이니 말입니다.
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Dizerem me que não gostam de shrek é grande red flag, tipo é um clássico
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RT @zerohedge: Almost time for the flashing red headline everyone's been waiting for all weekend
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@drpete00 @theheraldsun @australian I've heard they haven't contact traced the blame back to him yet but they're wo…
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RT @RedDirtProxies: ✨GIVEAWAY TIME✨ Will pick two lucky winners for this giveaway in 1 week! Prizes: - Sole AIO Renewal Copy @soleaio -…
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RT @CentralDoBraga: Hoje o Red Bull Bragantino terá a maior torcida do Brasil. 🤝
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@JMunyaneza You are right James. People don’t realize how tough and tricky it is to play a one player less, organiz…
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RT @girlgroupspics: red velvet ; wendy
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RT @boxiarns: morro quando falam que tal grupo fez cover de be natural do red velvet sendo que be natural tem quase 20 anos e eh do s.e.s
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RT @fatebria: para mi un red flag es que me ignoren o no me pongan atención cuando estoy contando algo ;(
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RT @RedDirtProxies: ✨GIVEAWAY TIME✨ Will pick two lucky winners for this giveaway in 1 week! Prizes: - Sole AIO Renewal Copy @soleaio -…
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RT @WORLDMUSICAWARD: BLACKPINK's #Jennie is beyond pretty in red at #TheEvent, while #Blinks obsess on new dope Rap Remix of #Solo2 as the…
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イベント『プラチナスターチューン』開演です! イベント楽曲『RED ZONE』と『花ざかりWeekend✿』や、イベント限定コミュ(全5話!)も楽しんでくださいね♪ 【イベント限定カード】 衣装付きSR 馬場このみ SR 北上麗…
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RT @VOX_Congreso: ‼️ #ÚLTIMAHORA VOX presenta una querella contra Twitter por lesión de derechos fundamentales. Exigimos la comparecenci…
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RT @LFC: Proper personality ✅ Glowing reference from David Wagner ✅ The perfect mindset ✅ Jürgen Klopp on our newest Red...
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RT @DemopJ: "Russian Defense Minister General Sergey Shoigu’s visit to Naypyitaw last week sends a signal that Myanmar and Russia intend to…
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@Cloutcityplays A Number 1 EP on @AppleMusic A House in The Hamptons And A Red Tesla with some money I NEED ABUNDANCE!
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RT @ringo_inuS: ジャンププラスにて、怪獣8号の第10話が配信されました!試験結果発表当日、カフカの道はミナの隣へと続いているのか!?よろしくお願いします! #怪獣8号 #ジャンププラス
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@TSNSteve Canadiens v Red Army NYE 1975
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@redlyricsbot treacherous best song on red
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RT @janmcdon52: After nearly 8 seasons, the fans are crushed and we beg you to fix this show and bring back the cherished partnership of Re…
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RT @KIMEYOUNGHOON: ㅤ Yesterday, we went to 30th Seoul Music Award, it's such an honor for us to be present and walk through the red carpet.…
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RT @MPCSmcdade: Due to the potential for an overnight refreeze and icy road conditions in the morning, Manassas Park City Schools will be c…
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RT @plies: I’m Getting Vaccinated The First Chance I Get. How I Look @ It I Put Things In My Body Everyday I Don’t Know Where It Come From.…
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RT @SylvanianUK: Grab your aprons for #NationalCroissantDay! You can win this sweet baking bundle of a Bakery Shop Stater Set and Red Roof…
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RT @ArtbyMasonBrown: @KatiesRamblings Thanks for the thread Katie! Here are two of my oil paintings and two acrylics with pink and red. htt…
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G wagon outside all white black rims inside all red ‼️
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@sm610725 ありがとう~😆💕✨一年経つの早いねー。身長はペースが落ちてきたからあとどれぐらい伸びるかちょっと心配。好き嫌い多過ぎやねんな😅受験なぁ来年大丈夫かなー😓
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RT @blackpinkbabo: [jennierubyjane 210201 update] “Ruby in Red 💋” #BLACKPINK #블랙핑크 #JENNIE #제니 #jenniestagram @BLACKPINK
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RT @RedSox: Forever a Red Sox
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@MOTEL_RED WATCH MIDNIGHT GOSPEL I HATE YOU
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People who were silent over: - More than 500 police personnel (Human Beings) injured by so called Anndatas. - Att…
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rofl they issued a red for this
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red lights stop signs I still see your face when I go on rlly dangerous motorcycle rides with random dudes
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DeSantis is doing the things Republicans in DC only talk about whether a majority or minority. He’s doing them in m…
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I'm progressive. Joe Manchin is not my favorite Dem but he's in very red West VA. Those voters *like* him. If he's…
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Mark simping over Lady Dimitrescu live is so adorable
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@gxrgeouscolors Hive es una Crypto de la red social descentralizada hiveblog
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La Yerbabuena cambia de piel, pero mantiene su esencia y te espera este y todos los jueves en punto de las 11 horas…
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RT @ThelittleLanta: Roses are red, violets are blue, be my Valentine? I love you.
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RT @dis1oc4te: i might look okay but deep down i want a red ink tattoo
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RT @SkizzyMars: red balloon project turns 6 today
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RT @laSextaTV: Íñigo Errejón ha calificado a los diputados de Vox de "estercolero moral" por pedir medidas para frenar "la invasión migrato…
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@WyzaNow 13-6 at halftime, 23-16 if one defense is super stingy in the red zone
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RT @iamareii: I’m tryna figure out why y’all are taking the red light off of women’s videos when you can just go watch porn or something 😐…
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I can understand why the Saints don’t like Mike Dean. As referees go he is a controversial one, awarding spot kick…
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@the_true_Jax @Bitboy_Crypto @ctbutt114 @CryptoWendyO @ltc_angel @DonnieBigBags Just looked it up, $1400 in daily v…
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RT @GameIdentityV: She swishes in her red shoes with pride, do you want to dance with Vera? Check out the Gameplay video to see the Perfume…
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@twoconchs2 In the Red Zone 🔥🔥 #redfish #inshore #fishing #twoconchs #twoconchscharters #savagegear…
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@gwscyrus red
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No puedo estar en ninguna red social porque en todo me sale spoiler :) My vote for Favorite Music Group at the…
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@Marasm1776 I’m the same way. Once you hurt a child it’s over. 👊🏽😎
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RT @Ruby_OHaraX: Ruby in red ❤️
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With only 8 red wolves known to remain in the wild, he could be the last one you see. #SaveRedWolves
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It always felt like an appeal Arsenal were very unlikely win. The red card should have been overturned, but let's f…
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RT @nk4yu: behind the scenes of red velvet joy’s female singapore shoot.
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RT @El_Intermedio: 🔴 Cristina Gallego habla de Dolores Rubio, una 'zendaliber': "Nadie ama tanto al hospital Isabel Zendal como ella". Por…
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🎶 WE'RE BIG WE'RE RED WE'LL EVICT YOU INSTEAD ACOOOORN ACOORNNN 🎶
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RT @BBY3ONJUN: How to make your twitter red - A thread
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RT @teancum_cox: !!!!MISSING!!!! My cousin Alec is missing, last seen @fashionplacemall UT 2/2/2021. He drives a Hyundai Elantra Red - pape…
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@maxvanhoutte Souvenons-nous des Red Wings l'an passé. Le CH n'aurait pas fait les séries avec la peau des dents,…
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@YeezyTaughtMe72 whole lotta red
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RT @paddypower: Southampton have successfully appealed Jan Bednarek's red card while David Luiz's red card will stand. In a statement the…
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RT @BonesNCC1701: Simply Red Holding Back The Years
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RT @ighalojude: It’s was a pleasure. Once a Red, always a Red🔴🔴🙏🏾
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RT @HarrySymeou: #AFC | The football authorities in this country never cease to amaze me. David Luiz's red card stands and Jan Bednarek's h…
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@ILove_JudyHopps @aes_eva Red is a vegetable
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RT @ViveTVOficial1: #EnVivo | Declaraciones del Fiscal General @TarekWiliamSaab: cuatro funcionarios formaban una red de corrupción que se…
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nak red dead redemption😔
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RT @MarBradRam: Insane day with @AjTrader7 Played $SAVA for $1k and $GME and $EBAY for another $1k. Never went red on any of the trades t…
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Concept: a shy girl moaning pathetically each time i touch a certain spot and turning bright red every time because…
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RT @sycosisV: red dress oil on canvas
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1. For the 2nd election in a row, Trump won a precinct in LA with some infamous residents. See that small chunk of…
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Not liking Louis Tomlinson is a big red flag for me
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RT @marsredtv: 【PV第2弾&放送情報&楽曲配信解禁!!】 音楽朗読劇から史上初のアニメ化作品「MARS RED」、OPを使用したPV第2弾公開!! #MARSRED #マズレ #藤沢文翁 #畠中祐 #諏訪部順一…
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RT @Rotela_Denis: Me toca a mí acudir a esta red social solicitando una ayuda, me quede sin trabajo y estoy en busca, se agradece si ven al…
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We all wore red today for National #WearRedDay #UgoesRed @UofUHealth
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@fanofdeadpool11 @bbceastenders Linda and max had red hot chemistry
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RT @Rotela_Denis: Me toca a mí acudir a esta red social solicitando una ayuda, me quede sin trabajo y estoy en busca, se agradece si ven al…
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RT @Zeniiet: Behind the scenes into Xiao design. Xiao almost had a red attire in his design but it was changed to green to fit the Anemo el…
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RT @nandinipatell: i love valentine’s day aesthetic .. like the pink.. the red... the hearts.. the roses.. chocolate.. love letters.. all o…
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Should I finish Red Dead Redemption? I found it very slow first time playing and although I loved so much about it,…
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RT @CandidoMolina3: @PeacrowVivi @FeliciaEvent @BoothDumb @MarceeMarce__ @wcoleman3rd @T0nyTheArtist @jetmonkeyarts @AwaitingWaifus @Arti…
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RT @elTrapezio: ENTREVISTA A ANA MORILLO, PRESIDENTA DE LA ASOCIACIÓN VIRIATOS ZAMORA Morillo explica la creación de la Red REND-SESPA en…
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@redpilot4_red @htmnstzwl2035 لا لا ارجوووك من شوي الله يهنيه مسويه له برياني
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@JohnScu46471034 Halloumi, avocado, rice n beans & a red wine
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RT @martiansoil: Mars ahead! China's Tianwen-1 mission snaps 1st photo of Red Planet. @spacedotcom
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Continuamos con la campaña Construir el Partido Organizarse para la Revolución. Nos llega otro aporte de un camara…
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@DavidSTLhss @Real_Big_Red @joeharris_stl @STLhssports We have these pics of the “foul” so we have a strong case. T…
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RT @utdreportAcad: Amad Diallo picks up three assists and a goal against Blackburn Under-23s 👏
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staycation vibes. impact day. pink goes red.
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roses are red our avi is blue if you're single we'll reply to you
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RED ALERT: @PoliceNG officers at Panti collecting bribe to release some detainees earlier granted bail, they have l…
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من ارتفاع ٢٥ ألف كم عن سطح الكوكب الأحمر .. أول صورة للمريخ بأول مسبار عربي في التاريخ The first picture of Mars…
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RT @Sr_Churchill: Los “niñes” de esta red, especialmente los que apoyan a sus “compañeres” de la primera línea, van que tener que acostumbr…
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RT @yeripurp: A Red Velvet series/short film would look so good #RedVelvet @RVsmtown
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@iam_sherylyn Mas kinilig ako sa pag notice ni Verniece hahahaha. Kung nuon siguro pa. 😂
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@big_angel__s_m みつかりますように、、、
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RT @afloodofblood: roses are red let's set this place on fire.
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RT @FrontierDotXYZ: Happy 2021 Lunar New Year! To celebrate the festival, we are teaming with @kucoincom to launch a special red envelope…
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RT @Kaylechi_: Me driving pass anyone wearing red & white today:
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Working out to the red scare love line episode... the fear of being a pathetic man like the callers fuels me... this is how I win!!
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RT @PeterStefanovi2: This Gov’t is treating us with utter contempt. For Dominic Raab to blame the EU for the Brexit red tape, regulations &…
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RT @JanAageFjortoft: Roses are red, violets are blue; You had a much better career than me, but Premier League-titles I have as many as you
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RT @BorisJohnson_MP: Roses are red Tories are blue Remember we don't Give a shit about you #ValentinesDay
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@RubbishNo3 @KeithClarke1 @davidflatman Not brave, just one who follows the letter of the law - like giving red cards...
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RT @CumbriaRoadsPol: Roses are red 🌹 The thin line is blue 💙 Please check your insurance Before we take your car off you! Please check yo…
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@Irishbiltong Roses are red violets are blue I love Irish Biltong how bout you
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@TrophyFpl Red arrows even look a bit like a rose if you really squint.
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RT @martinplaut: Roses are red, Violets are blue, Ethiopian flowers are lovely, But not with war, its true. #BoycotteEthiopianRoses
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RT @Jackson_Carlaw: Roses are Red Violets are Blue Nicola misled Parliament & her husband did too
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roses are red violets are blue harry styles
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Roses are red Sonic is blue Instead of a knuckles sandwich We made a bouquet for you ❤️
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Roses are red. Our unis are Beale Street blue. Hit the RT button. And we will follow you.
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@Lauratheclaire Red polo shirt day? We know what that means.
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RT @sankrant: @ShashiTharoor @INCIndia Satanic Verses are laughing uproariously while hiding behind the Red Sari. Find The Da Vinci Code bl…
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@tjgorton @BradFarberman I know that Bobby Mc40 did NOT sing red red wine
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@hiyabites Red
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There is a small section of right here which supports Trump for assault on Capitol even when it decries Khalistanis for assaulting Red Fort
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RT @may1695: PO Gadget Korea Second iPhone XR 6,5-7jt 8+ Red 256 7.5jt X 256gb 8jt Xs Max 256gb 9jt 11 64 gb 8,5jt 11 128 gb 9,5jt 11 Pro…
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RT @AnimalsWorId: Oh to be a red panda sleeping whilst balancing on a log
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@1524_red Yes🥰👍
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RT @Archimbek: I guess I'm late for valentine day //It's already 15 Feb in here But here, have Aosta and Red #Arknights #明日方舟 #アークナイツ #명일방주…
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RT @carmiico: Oooo spring line shirt samples are here 👀🍓🍒🌼 the red needs a lil colour tweak to match the cardigan but!! I'm so excited that…
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RT @223_219: 주술회전 고죠 눈가린거 리버스된 카카시 보는것 같어
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RT @RedDoorGin: This #ValentinesDay, we're giving away a bottle of Red Door Gin for you, and a friend too! RT and FOLLOW for the chance to…
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RT @mikegalsworthy: Roses are red Violets are blue Retweet if UK Should rejoin the EU 🇬🇧♥️🇪🇺 #ValentinesDay
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RT @memgrizz: Roses are red. Our unis are Beale Street blue. Hit the RT button. And we will follow you.
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RT @Oxen_io: In case you haven't heard — 2021 is the #YearOfTheOx. To celebrate, we’re participating in an age-old tradition. This week, w…
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RT @SNSD_0805: 뮤지컬 시카고 티저 영상 티파니 캐스팅 공개 D-1 #티파니 #티파니영 #TiffanyYoung #시카고 #뮤지컬시카고 #MusicalChicago
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RT @voarl10: Happy Bithday! @codricor1 Have a cute Red Cell girl ~
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What would happen if we danced together under a gorgeous Blood Moon...and weren't afraid to do it? Hmmm...let's do it, and SEE! September 27th 2015 is the last blood moon.
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The Most Dangerous Color for Staging Homes to Sell - The Decorologist
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Ten Old Cars That Still Look New More
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In London and Berlin-based Palestinian artist Mona Hatoum's sculptural work titled Hot Spot, we are presented with a massive cage-like metallic globe radiating a crimson glow
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Les cerises sont un des fruits rouges les plus caloriques. © DR
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Juice Press: 15 Things You Didn't Know About Watermelon
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Philip Treacy designed this butterfly head piece for a swanky showing of work designed by Alexander McQueen.
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Stop killing your business! As a business woman the worst thing you can do are these 5 business mistakes. Whether you're a start up biz, or you're a seasoned female entrepreneur, these business tips will assist all businesswomen. #businesswoman #businesswomen #startupbiz #businessmistakes #businesstips
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Top 10 Helpful Remedies to Relieve the Headache Pain and Tension
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Fondos de pantalla con frases motivacionales. Frases motivadoras para tu celular
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Decoração de apartamento vintage. Parede vermelho letreiro de neon, #decoracao #decor #casadevalentina #apartamento #vintage
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Nasiyan (Red) Temple in Ajmer, India For your tour plans / travel arrangements write us at nomad.traveller@yahoo.com www.rajasthantourzpackages.com
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Bookcase Beauty
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All red outfit: красное с красным - главный цветовой тренд наступающей зимы – Woman & Delice
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Portraiture: 'Xibalba' By Tim Cavadini, Germany
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The Most Dangerous Color for Staging Homes to Sell - The Decorologist
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Les cerises sont un des fruits rouges les plus caloriques. © DR
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LA COOL & CHIC
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2 week itinerary of UK and Ireland; Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Northern Ireland
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Den Ofen auf 250°C vorheizen. Paprika darin für 30 Min rösten, danach herausnehmen. Die Haut der Paprika darf im Ofen schwarz werden, nicht erschrecken! Die schrumpelige Haut der Paprika lässt sich nun gut abziehen und entsorgen. Stiel und Kerne ebenfalls entsorgen.
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Red Velvet Cupcake auf weißem kleinen Teller
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Red Thai-Curry-Kokos Suppe
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Rotes Thai Curry mit Hähnchen | Rezept mit Video | Kitchen Stories
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Loungin'
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@hansandwichh
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@categenevieve
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Hör auf, dein Geschäft zu töten #geschaft #toten
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When to Break Up With Someone and When to Stick It Out | Mark Manson
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@linggemoets
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Red Roses Wallpaper Backgrounds: Red Roses Wallpaper iPhone. Red Roses Aesthetic: Vintage roses wallpaper backgrounds, rose wallpaper iPhone. From rose wallpaper aesthetic to beautiful Valentine’s Day rose wallpapers and rose wallpaper photography. Download them forfree! | Roses Wallpaper Backgrounds For iPhone #roseswallpaper #rosesaesthetic #roseswallpaperiphone #roseswallpaperbackgrounds #redroses #redroseswallpaper
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2 week itinerary of UK and Ireland; Wales, Scotland, Ireland, Northern Ireland
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veerlecoumans.
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Nasiyan (Red) Temple in Ajmer. organic and vegan hemp cbd supplements and tinctures: WWW.NEWLEAFPDX.ORG
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Les cerises sont un des fruits rouges les plus caloriques. © DR
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red Pinterest Ideas
  • red aesthetic
  • red velvet cake
  • red acrylic nails
  • red velvet
  • red dress
  • red nail designs
  • red ink tattoos
  • red hair color
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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Favourite song on 1989? . . . #taylorswift #taylorswiftedit #lover #reputation #red #1989worldtour #reptour #speaknow #fearless #arianagrande #cats #dress #theluckyone #lwymmd #theman #reptour #performance #taylorswiftperformance #lookwhatyoumademedo #dualipa #dojacat #lanadelrey #taylor #swift #swifties #swiftie #iknowplaces
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#iknowplaces #dojacat #taylorswiftedit #lookwhatyoumademedo #theman
Jul 19, 2020 20:36
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Ustedes ya lo vieron 😐 seguro ya lo vieron #death #muerte #person #sangre #sangriento #rojo #red #blood #blink #army #rm #jin #suga #hoseok #jimin #v #jungkook #bts #video
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#jin #death #blink #muerte
Jul 19, 2020 20:36
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എന്റെ പ്രണയം എന്റെ ലഹരി♥️♥️ കമ്മ്യൂണിസം♥️♥️ #communism #dyfi #dyfikerala #viplavam #sfi #sfikerala #lalsalam #lalsalamkerala #ldf #cpim #sakhav #sakhavkerala #sakhavintepriyasakhi #sakhavu #comrade #comradekerala #keralacommunism #kannur #thiruvananthapuram #cpim #cpimkerala #chuvappinte_poralikal #cheguvera #che #kerala #sakhavintepriyasakhi #sakhavintethoolika #comradekerala #red #redarmy
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#sakhavu #kannur #cheguvera #lalsalamkerala #cpimkerala
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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hikayenizde paylaşarak destek olabilirsiniz ❤️ . . . amazing #TagsForLikes #followme #all_shots #textgram #family #instago #igaddict #awesome #girls #instagood #my #bored #baby #music #red #water #harrystyles #bestoftheday #black #party #white #flower #2020 #night
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#black #awesome #igaddict #girls #music
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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Вы носите береты? Мне они очень нравятся, но все никак не пойму как их нужно правильно носить))) всегда получается что-то не то)😘❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️! #drawing #drawthisinyourstyle #draw #drawingsketch #drawings #drawingart #draweveryday #red #❤️ #redlips #bluehair #colorhair #portrait #portraitart #colorpencil #colorpencildrawing #kohinoor #drawingportrait #portraitdrawing #portraitartist #портрет #портретдевушки #цветныекарандаши #портретцветнымикарандашами #краснаяпомада #берет #синиеволосы #рисуноккарандашом #красныегубы #💋
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#drawingportrait #drawings #drawingsketch #drawing #colorhair
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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۱ #followback ۱۴,۹۸۸,۱۹۸ ۲ #instagramers ۱۴,۸۳۱,۳۶۹ ۳ #doubletap ۱۴,۸۱۱,۶۶۸ ۴ #model ۱۴,۶۹۳,۳۵۰ ۵ #i ۱۴,۶۷۹,۳۹۸ ۶ #nike ۱۴,۳۶۷,۹۴۳ ۷ #dog ۱۴,۲۷۷,۰۶۴ ۸ #old ۱۴,۱۰۱,۵۷۱ ۹ #beauty ۱۳,۹۹۱,۷۹۷ ۱۰ #tattoo ۱۳,۸۰۰,۸۰۶ ۱۱ #red ۱۳,۶۹۴,۹۱۶ ۱۲ #kik ۱۳,۲۷۰,۴۴۲ ۱۳ #good ۱۳,۲۴۳,۱۱۲ ۱۴ #white ۱۳,۲۲۱,۸۳۳ ۱۵ #sweet ۱۳,۱۳۲,۵۳۲ ۱۶ #goodtimes ۱۳,۰۶۳,۷۷۹ ۱۷ #best ۱۳,۰۶۰,۷۴۰ ۱۸ #instafood ۱۲,۷۹۷,۳۳۳ ۱۹ #heart ۱۲,۷۶۲,۷۶۶ ۲۰ #for ۱۲,۶۶۶,۸۹۸ ۲۱ #truth ۱۲,۶۱۸,۵۴۴ ۲۲ #onedirection ۱۲,۴۸۲,۶۶۰ ۲۳ #face ۱۲,۴۳۶,۵۱۵ ۲۴ #yummy ۱۲,۳۶۲,۶۲۲ ۲۵ #bestfriend ۱۲,۳۶۰,۰۷۵ ۲۶ #breakfast ۱۲,۲۹۵,۲۲۸ ۲۷ #loveyou ۱۲,۲۱۶,۸۵۰ ۲۸ #the
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#bestfriend #beauty #onedirection #truth #kik
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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It is really funny when people say you'd be obvious for a great villain. . . . . Photo by @abhishek_ramdas . . . . @prilaga #instalove #makeup #red #webstagram #iphoneonly #throwback #black #instacool #cat #followback #awesome #prilaga #wedding #blackandwhite #blue #iphonesia #instafollow #instapic #funny #pink #yummy #tweegram #instasize #igdayly #nice #baby #sweet #my #night
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#makeup #awesome #black #baby #cat
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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This was a dream come true for me. For so long I have wished to see the real mountains and I finally made it to the Alps in Switzerland. #nature #kandersteg #berge #sky #sun #summer #alpen #beautiful #pretty #bergliebe #sunrise #blue #flowers #night #tree #wanderlust #clouds #beauty #light #wandern #photooftheday #love #green #skylovers #dusk #weather #day #red #schweiz🇨🇭 #mothernature
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#beauty #schweiz #sun #tree #dusk
Jul 19, 2020 20:35
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~hot summer days, mid July~ ° ° #girl#girlwithluv#capitalgirl#capitalcity#riverside#river#vilnius#lithuania#lithuaniangirl#red#reddress#summer#july#summerootd#summerholidays#2020#2020summer
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#girl #vilnius #river #summerholidays #summerootd
Jul 19, 2020 20:36
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Here’s a photo of how I definitely don’t look right now, while Im struggling to sleep 💤 🤦‍♀️ #red #dress #tattoos #inked #ink #tan #nightout #dressedup #beauty #makeup #love #iphone #love #happy #beautiful #me #snapme
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#snapme #inked #beautiful #nightout #iphone